Global Labour in Rural Societies (GLARUS)
About the project
The FRIHUMSAM funded project addresses the important but poorly explored question of how contemporary global flows of low-skilled and manual labour transform the social fabric of non-urban regions in Western society. It will theorize how immigration into rural sociocultural contexts differs from immigration into urban regions and generate an improved theoretical understanding of the spatial complexities of contemporary international migration and its implications for local rural communities.
The objective is to answer the following research questions:
- What is the spatial structure of the rural immigration phenomenon, and what macro-level factors may explain immigrants’ distribution across rural regions?
- In what ways does the rural societal context shape the immigration phenomenon?
- How are rural labour immigration processes embedded in and shaped by properties of the rural economy?
- How does large-scale labour immigration instigate social change in rural communities?
- What are key implications of the labour migration phenomenon, for the labour immigrants and for local/hosting rural populations?
The project's theorizing strategy is to cross-fertilize knowledge from three research fields, each offering important insights into the global labour phenomenon, which has been previously scarce and poorly integrated: 1) immigration theory, 2) labour market theories, and 3) the rural studies tradition. Building on insights from these literatures, three key conceptualizations will guide the gathering and analyses of the materials.
- Rural transnationalism: How are transnational spaces created, practised, and experienced differently in rural and urban areas? What are the specifics of the rural version of transnationalism, and with what implications for the actors?
- New social inequalities in rural societies: How are the interactions of class and ethnic inequalities expressed in the case of global labour in rural societies? Are there specific properties of the rural logic of social distinctions and class structures? Do labour immigrants experience their position as precarious workers differently in rural and urban communities?
- Multispatial rural practices, identities, and belongings: How are rural places constructed by and interwoven into complex webs of relations with extra-local places, e.g., as demonstrated by the reliance of local rural economies on global labour markets? As actors’ everyday lives are increasingly spatially distributed – what are major impacts for questions of rural identities and belonging?
The project is funded by The Norwegian Research Council's FRIHUMSAM programme (10 Mill NOK) with additional NTNU funding (5,2 Mill NOK). The project period is 2017–2021.
List of Project Publications
Dissemination activities of Global Labour in Rural Societies project
(2017-2022, funded by Norwegian Research Council's FRIPRO-programme)
(Updated April 29 2019)
Papers (peer-reviewed journals)
- Rye, J.F. (2019): Transnational spaces of class. Migrants' multiple, inconsistent and instable locations in the class structure. Current Sociology 67(1), pp. 27-46.
- Rye, J.F, M.H. Slettebak and H. Bjørkhaug (2018): From Family to Domestic and Global Labour? A Decade of Proletarisation of Labour in the Norwegian Horticulture Industry. European Countryside, 10(4), s. 528-542
- Rye, J.F. and Scott, S. (2018): International labour migration to/in rural Europe: a review of the evidence. Sociologia Ruralis 58(4), pp. 928-952.
- Rye, J.F. (2017): Transnational Labour and Precarious Work: The Informalisation and Reformalisation of Industrial Relations in Norway’s Agricultural Industry, 2004–2014. Population, Space and Place 23(7), unpaginated. DOI: 10.1002/psp.2042.
Conference and workshop papers/presentations
- Stachowski, J. and B. Rasmussen (2019) “Labour at a discount! Processes of precarsation of migrant workers in the salmon industry in Norway”. Paper at the 6. International Rural Workshop: International Labour Migration to Rural Regions, Trondheim, 13.-15. mars 2019.
- Slettebak, M.H. (2019) Immigration to rural areas and changes in local youth’s life trajectories. Paper at the 6. International Rural Workshop: International Labour Migration to Rural Regions, Trondheim, 13.-15. mars 2019.
- Rye, J.F. and S. Scott (2019) “’Doing the right thing’: Agricultural employers’ rationalisation of their low-wage work opportunities for international labour migrant.” Paper at the 6. International Rural Workshop: International Labour Migration to Rural Regions, Trondheim, 13.-15. mars 2019.
- Stachowski, J. (2018) ‘Should we stay or should we go?” Settlement strategies of Polish migrants in New Immigrant Destinations in Norway. Presentation at Nordic Migration Research Conference, Norrkøping, Sweden, 15.-17. August 2018
- Rasmussen, B. and Stachowski, J. (2018) "Employment relations in the fish industry and paradoxes of integration in the local community", Paper/presentation. 9th Nordic Working Life Conference. 13-15 June 2018, Oslo, Norway.
- Rye, J.F. (2018) "Transnational spaces of class. Migrants' multilocal, instable and inconsistent class positions". Paper/presentation. Association of American Geographer Annual Meeting, 10-14 April 2018, New Orleans, US.
- Stachowski, J. (2017) ‘To be or to belong? Labour migration from Eastern and Central Europe to rural areas in Norway’. Polish migration to Norway: Facts and knowledge gaps; seminar. 10 October 2017, Oslo and Akershus University College, Oslo, Norway.
- Stachowski, J. and Rye, J.F. (2017) "The transnational rural other – reconsidering the idea of otherness in rural studies". Online Proceedings, oral presentation. XXVII European Society for Rural Sociology congress. 24-27 July 2017, Kraków, Poland.
- Rye, J.F. (2017) "Recognizing changed migration patterns". Panel member/presentation. Workshop on diversity and equality: reflections on rural research at XXVII European Society for Rural Sociology Congress. 24-27 July 2017, Kraków, Poland.
NTNU – Department of Sociology and Political Science:
- Professor Johan Fredrik Rye (principal investigator)
- Professor Bente Rasmussen
- Professor Arild Blekesaune
- PhD candidate Jakub Stachowski
- PhD candidate Marie Holm Slettebak
- PostDoc Thomas Sætre Jakobsen
University of Oslo – Department of Sociology and Human Geography:
- Professor Mette Andersson
- PhD candidate Inga Sæther
University of Warsaw – Centre for Migration Research:
- Postdoc Kamila Fialskowska
- Researcher Kamil Matuszczyk
University of Glouchestershire:
- Senior lecturer Sam Scott
- Assistant Professor Shaun A. Goulding
University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh:
- Associate Professor Paul Van Auken
University of California - Davis:
- Associate professor M. Anne Visser
Centre for Rural Research, Norway:
- Senior researcher Svein Frisvoll
International Advisory Group:
- Dr. Karen O’Reilly, University of Loughborough, UK,
- Dr. Aina Tollefsen, Umeå University, Sweden
- Dr. Pawel Kaczmarzyk, Univ. of Warsaw, Poland
- Dr. Luis E. Guarnizo, US, UC Davis, US.