Bakgrunn og aktiviteter
Richard leads research in:
- Development, trade and the environment (Globalisation).
- Environmental footprints (sustainable consumption).
- Global supply chain analysis.
Interested in circular economy work? Have a look at what macro-level IO models can offer to assess priorities:
Richard has contributed to EXIOBASE - which is now available for free download for non-commercial use. Reference: Wood, R., et al.. Global sustainability accounting-developing EXIOBASE for multi-regional footprint analysis (2015) Sustainability, 7 (1), pp. 138-163. Pleae note, that EXIOBASEv2.2 downloadable on www.exiobase.eu does not contain agricultural emissions. Please get in direct contact for a dataset that covers those emissions.
1. Development, trade and the environment (Globalisation).
We study the environmenal impacts associated with trade, investigating how specialisation has occured through globalisation in order to quantify the level of outsourcing of environmental impacts between countries. We look at the influence of labor productivity, energy productivity, capital and materials; we particularly look at structural changes in the economy; and interpret outcomes in terms of environmental impacts and quality of life.
2. Environmental footprints (sustainable consumption).
We study the environmental impacts of consumption - looking at consumer demand, consumer choice, rebound effects and possibilities for "green lifestyles".
3. Global supply chain analysis.
We are highly active in the development and use of input-output modelling frameworks in which to capture impacts across the globe - giving a spatial resolution along supply chains from source to point of consumption. Such work has given unprecedented detail into intersectorial relationships and their impact on the environment.
DESIRE (EU FP7) Richard leads work on developing Environmentally Extended Input-Output databases, principally for looking at the development of resource efficiency over time in a global context. and the possibilities for implementation of policy related to consumption based carbon accounting.
CarbonCap (EU FP7) Richard led a WP on Consumption Based Carbon Accounts. He was responsible for furthering insights into the robustness of accounting results, and hs further work on the options for implementation of policy related to consumption based policies in which to reduce carbon footprints.
In PROSUITE (EU FP7) Richard focussed on applying hybrid life-cycle assessment techniques to look at the sustainability of the full-scale implementation of emerging technologies.
In EXIOPOL and CREEA Richard has led WPs (CREEA) developing databases and input-output techniques, this has led to the EXIOPOL/EXIOBASE suite of multi-regional input-output models. Richard has focussed on utilising techniques to handle and optimise large-scale datasets, the end result being a set of disaggregated and harmonised input-output tables across the world for use in a range of environmental and socio-economic footprint applications.
Richard completed his PhD at the Integrated Sustainability Analysis group at the University of Sydney in 2008 under Manfred Lenzen and Chris Dey. His PhD looked at investigating the environmental implications of structural change in the Australian economy. He has had experience and published papers on time-series analysis; structural decomposition analysis; structural path analysis; indexing techniques; optimisation techniques; and methods for handling large data sets. Applications have included investigating greenhouse gas emissions embodied in consumption and trade; ecological footprint analysis; material flow analysis; energy use and triple bottom line accounting.
Part of Richard's PhD entailed the construction of a time series of input-output tables for Australia in nominal and constant prices.
Launched in June 2010, Richard has co-edited a book on the use of input-output analysis for sustainability assessment. Entitled "The Sustainability Practitioner's Guide to Input-Output Analysis", the book offers a non-expert introduction to one of the more powerful tools available for calculating carbon footprints, ecological footprints, LCA, etc.
Feel free to email for a copy of any publications.
Indecol has a masters program in industrial ecology for those interested.
Vitenskapelig, faglig og kunstnerisk arbeid
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- (2018) Climate change mitigation potential of Norwegian households and the rebound effect. Journal of Cleaner Production. vol. 172.
- (2018) Choice of Allocations and Constructs for Attributional or Consequential Life Cycle Assessment and Input-Output Analysis. Journal of Industrial Ecology.
- (2018) A Note on the Magnitude of the Feedback Effect in Environmentally Extended Multi-Region Input-Output Tables. Journal of Industrial Ecology.
- (2018) Environmental Impacts of Capital Formation. Journal of Industrial Ecology. vol. 22 (1).
- (2018) Coupling Input-Output Tables with Macro-Life Cycle Assessment to Assess Worldwide Impacts of Biofuels Transport Policies. Journal of Industrial Ecology.
- (2018) Headline Environmental Indicators Revisited with the Global Multi-Regional Input-Output Database EXIOBASE. Journal of Industrial Ecology.
- (2018) Structural production layer decomposition: a new method to measure differences between MRIO databases for footprint assessments. Economic Systems Research. vol. 30 (1).
- (2018) Prioritizing Consumption-Based Carbon Policy Based on the Evaluation of Mitigation Potential Using Input-Output Methods. Journal of Industrial Ecology.
- (2017) Mapping the carbon footprint of EU regions. Environmental Research Letters. vol. 12 (5).
- (2017) The Global MRIO Lab – charting the world economy. Economic Systems Research. vol. 29 (2).
- (2017) The Virtual IELab – an exercise in replicating part of the EXIOBASE V.2 production pipeline in a virtual laboratory. Economic Systems Research. vol. 29 (2).
- (2017) Solid Waste and the Circular Economy: A Global Analysis of Waste Treatment and Waste Footprints. Journal of Industrial Ecology. vol. 21 (3).
- (2017) Development of a methodological framework for social life-cycle assessment of novel technologies. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. vol. 22 (3).
- (2017) Resource footprints and their ecosystem consequences. Scientific Reports. vol. 7.
- (2016) Identifying priority areas for European resource policies: a MRIO-based material footprint assessment. Journal of Economic Structures.
- (2016) Environmental Impact Assessment of Household Consumption. Journal of Industrial Ecology. vol. 20 (3).
- (2016) Socio-economic impacts of low-carbon power generation portfolios: Strategies with and without CCS for the Netherlands. Applied Energy. vol. 183.
- (2016) Balance issues in input-output analysis: A comment on physical inhomogeneity, aggregation bias, and coproduction. Ecological Economics. vol. 126.
- (2016) When do allocations and constructs respect material, energy, financial, and production balances in LCA and EEIO?. Journal of Industrial Ecology. vol. 20 (1).
- (2016) On the financial balance of input–output constructs: revisiting an axiomatic evaluation. Economic Systems Research. vol. 28 (3).