Bakgrunn og aktiviteter

My ORCID id:

My reseach focus

1. Medieval urbanism/urbanity

My main research interest is medieval urbanisation  with particular focus on the development of urban social pracise ("urbanity"), urban identity,  social space formation processe and urban ecology . In earlier reserach this interest focused on medieval urbanization as a part of state formation processes, including discussions on the role and nature of trade and production, control over valuables/prestige object, natural resources and trading routes and christianisation  as an instrument for gaining and maintaining political power. At the end of the 1990s I felt this was a too narrow basis for understanding urban development, and I seached for alternative approaches of understanding “urbanism” percieved  from principally being understood as a matter of topographical and functional development to "urban ways of living", a matter of social practice very much inspired by Georg Simmel, Andreas reckwitz, Theodor Schatzky and Elizabeth Shove.

2. Medieval urban health and environment

SPT trigge an interest in medieval urban health, welfare, which in 2016  led to the  cross-disciplinary project “Medieval urban health: From individual to public responsibility AD 1000-1600” funded by  Norwegian Research Council (FRIPRO-HUMSAM research program). Fort further information follow the link

Health and welfare is very much dependent on the material environment, which for the very last years have trigged a groving interest for (medieval) urban ecology and the correspondence between the medieval comprehension of  Nature and the relationship between religious belief, Nature and how it affects the ability to act towards treats and danger from the environment and environmental (climatic) changes

3. Heritage in conflict

My interest in heritage management was trigged by the ongoing threat of war and conflict in Afghanistan and Iraq, and in 2007 I   launched a small awareness building project together with anthropologists:  Afghanistan: Heritage in Danger financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affaires, funded by The Royal Norwegian Society of sciences and letters. The purpose was to draw attention to  cultural heritage in war and conflict and the connection between cultural heritage and human rights, with particular focus on the situation in Afghanistan and Myanmar.The main outcome of this activity has, so far, been photo exhibitions presented in Scandinavia (

4. Museology

My imuseology research interest has a  particular focus on the history of museums,  knowledge production in university museums and heritage in conflict.. With colleagues from other university museums in Norway we launched in 2010 a research project in museology, The Knowledge of Museums (no. Museers Viten),  funded by the Norwegian Research Council.

Publications (level 1-2) 2015-2021:


Medieval Urban Environment: Between mental and Material Practices. Environmental Archaeology (ISSN 1461-4103)


Coauthor in Fotakis, Anna K. et al.: Multi-omic detection of Mycobacterium leprae in archaeological human dental calculus. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, Vol. 375, DOI:10.1098/rstb.2019.0584


Entering the urban scene. Ljung, Cecilia; Sjögren, Anna Andreasson; Berg, Ingrid; Engström, Elin; Stenholm, Ann-Mari Hållans; Jonsson, Kristina; Klevnäs, Alison; Qviström, Linda; Zachrisson, Torun (Eds.): Tidens landskap. En vänbok til Anders Andrén.


Architecture in the Nordic Countries, 500-1000 . Ch. 35; 500 CE-1000 CE  in Sir Banister Fletcher’s Global History of Architecture 21st edition. Fraser, Murray


Coauthor in Zhou, Zhemin et al: Pan-genome Analysis of Ancient and Modern Salmonella enterica Demonstrates Genomic Stability of the Invasive Para C Lineage for Millennia. Current Biology ( ISSN 0960-9822)

In the street. On the transformation of Spatial Practice in Medieval Trondheim. Lund Archaeological Review, vol. 23, p. 61-75

Who were they? Steps towards an archeological understanding of newcomers and settlers in early medieval Trondheim, Norway. Suppersberger Hamre, Stian (Ed.): Foreigners and Outside Influences in Medieval Norway, 7-32{BCB92122-42E9-419D-B714-60FA955BFDFD}


The City Is Alive - Still! Comment on Bisserka Gaydarska, "The City is dead! Long Live the City!". Norwegian Archaeological Review, 58-61. DOI:10.1080/00293652.2016.1167119


Performing towns. Steps towards an understanding of medieval urban communities as social practice. Archaeological Dialogues, vol 22/2

Urbanity as social practice. Archaeological Dialogues, vol 22, 02, 159-161

The Hinterland Connection: Metalworking as Entangled Social Practice. Festschrift to Ingvild Øye.  University of Bergen, Faculty of Humanities, Departement of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion Bergen.

Om å gjøre by: Noen momenter til en byarkeologisk praksisforskning. Johansen, Lise-Marie B; Brendalsmo, Jan; Paasche, Knut; Bauer, Egil Marstein (Red.): En aktivist for Middelalderbyen Oslo. Festskrift til Petter B. Molaug i anledning hans 70-årsdag 19. desember 2014, ss 305-325.

Et META-gjensyn, ved en av dem. META - Historiskarkeologisk tidskrift ( ISSN 2002-0406)

For more publications: Cristin