Bakgrunn og aktiviteter
My research focus on safety, human factors, technological and organizational change processes.
Human factors use psychology to design products and create work environment that improves productivity and safety.
From a traditional perspective, safety has been defined in terms of absence of risk. However in recent years safety researchers have gathered around the notion that safety also includes the presence of organizational and human factors that enable the management of unexpected situations. In this sense, safety largely revolves around the people involved and how they recognize, perceive, respond to and organize around situations that occur.
Psychology is important in the field of human factors and safety. Human factors are closely related to cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking. It is for example important to include knowledge and methods to test how humans perceive information when new routines or products are developed.
The field of Safety and Human factors is also closely related to work and organizational psychology. Work and organizational psychology could be defined as the scientific study of human behavior and relationships in the workplace and applies psychological theories and principles to organizations. One example of how work and organizational psychology is relevant for human factors is that my PhD candidates and I have found in several studies, that how new technology and products are implemented and communicated have a large effect on how they are used. Human relationships (including e. g. management, trust, training, communication, and change processes) provide a large part of what creates safety in an organization. Knowledge and methods from work and organizational psychology are used to study human relationships in an organization.
Immersive Visual Technologies for Safety-critical Applications (ImmerSAFE): This is a Marie-Curie Innovative Training Network project (EU project). It has partner in five countries: Finland, Italy, Sweden, Croatia and Norway. The goal of our part of this project is to increase knowledge on the human and organizational ffactors affecting the adoption and use of advanced technology in safety-critical applications. This work package will investigate user experience, task performance and organizational level studies. NTNU project leader: Karin Laumann, PhD candidate Mina Saghafian and Simone Grassini. Funded by EU. Net page to the overall project: https://immersafe-itn.eu/
Performance Shaping Factors: In this project a new lab is developed at the Department of Psychology to be used experiments on how a variety of factors shape performance in a control room setting. This project includes a post doctoral position funded by the Faculty of Social and Educational Sciences. NTNU project leader: Karin Laumann, post doktor: Martin Rasmussen. This project is in cooperation with Ronald Boring at Idaho National lab, US.
Inter-organizational complexity: In this this project inter-organizational challenges for safety and what can be done to reduce negative safety effects of inter-organizational complexity is studied.
NTNU project leader: Karin Laumann. PhD candidate: Vibeke Milch (graduated).
Funded by the Research Council of Norway, Petromaks program.
Petro-HRA: In this project human reliability analysis (HRA) was adjusted for use in the petroleum industry. NTNU project leader: Karin Laumann. PhD candidate: Martin Rasmussen (graduated).
Funded by the Research Council of Norway, Petromaks program.
Safety management system: This project investigated challenges with implementation and use of a Safety management system in a petroleum producing company and suggestions for how to reduce these challenges. NTNU project leader: Karin Laumann. PhD candidate: Thomas Wold (graduated).
Funded by the Research Council of Norway. Petromaks program.
ELAD/Implementation of new technology: This project investigated how implementation of new technology affects safety and how this implementation could be improved. NTNU project leader: Karin Laumann. PhD candidate: Gunhild Sætren (graduated). Funded by the Research Council of Norway, Petromaks program.
Vitenskapelig, faglig og kunstnerisk arbeid
Viser et utvalg av aktivitet. Se alle publikasjoner i databasen
- (2020) Are Modern Head-Mounted Displays Sexist? A Systematic Review on Gender Differences in HMD-Mediated Virtual Reality. Frontiers in Psychology.
- (2020) Questionnaire measures and physiological correlates of presence: A systematic review. Frontiers in Psychology.
- (2020) The Use of Virtual Reality Alone Does Not Promote Training Performance (but Sense of Presence Does). Frontiers in Psychology. vol. 11.
- (2019) Challenge to Collect Empirical Data for Human Reliability Analysis - Illustrated by the Difficulties in Collecting Empirical Data on the Performance-Shaping Factor Complexity. ASCE-ASME J of Risk & Uncertainty in Engineering SystemsPart B: Mechanical Engineering. vol. 6.
- (2018) Criteria for qualitative methods in human reliability analysis. Reliability Engineering & System Safety.
- (2018) Sustaining safety across organizational boundaries: a qualitative study exploring how interorganizational complexity is managed on a petroleum-producing installation. Cognition, Technology & Work. vol. 20 (2).
- (2018) The influence of interorganizational factors on offshore incidents in the Norwegian petroleum industry: Challenges and future directions. Reliability Engineering & System Safety. vol. 181.
- (2018) The Evaluation of Fatigue as a Performance Shaping Factor in the Petro-HRA Method. Reliability Engineering & System Safety.
- (2017) Organizational change management theories and safety. A critical review. Safety Science Monitor. vol. 20 (1).
- (2016) Suggested improvements to the definitions of Standardized Plant Analysis of Risk-Human Reliability Analysis (SPAR-H) performance shaping factors, their levels and multipliers and the nominal tasks. Reliability Engineering & System Safety. vol. 145.
- (2016) Interorganizational complexity and organizational accident risk: A literature review. Safety Science. vol. 82.
- (2016) A study of a technological development process: Human factors—the forgotten factors?. Cognition, Technology & Work. vol. 18 (3).
- (2015) Potential Use of HMI Evaluation Methods in HRA. Procedia Manufacturing. vol. 3.
- (2015) Task complexity as a performance shaping factor: A review and recommendations in Standardized Plant Analysis Risk-Human Reliability Analysis (SPAR-H) adaption. Safety Science. vol. 76.
- (2015) SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS - DEFINITIONS,CHALLENGES FOR USE AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVEMENTS. Safety Science Monitor. vol. 19 (1).
- (2014) The role of exercise during adolescence on adult happiness and mood. Leisure Studies. vol. 33 (4).
- (2014) Integrating human related errors with technical errors to determine causes behind offshore accidents. Safety Science. vol. 63.
- (2014) Effects of trust in high-risk organizations during technological changes. Cognition, Technology & Work. vol. 17 (1).
- (2014) Human-Reliability Analysis for the Petroleum Industry: Lessons Learned from Applying SPAR-H. SPE Economics & Management. vol. 6 (4).
- (2014) Safety Management Systems as communication in an oil and gas producing company. Safety Science. vol. 72.
- (2013) The academic and psychological benefits of exercise in healthy children and adolescents. European Journal of Psychology of Education. vol. 28 (3).
Del av bok/rapport
- (2020) Evaluating the use of virtual reality in work safety: a literature review. e-proceedings of the 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (ESREL2020 PSAM15).
- (2020) Effect of Augmented Reality on Faults Leading to Human Failures in Socio-technical Systems. 4th International Conference on System Reliability and Safety (ICSRS 2019).
- (2019) Looking for additional data sources for HRA: Microworlds and beyond. Advances in Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance — Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance, July 21-25, 2018, Loews Sapphire Falls Resort at Universal Studios, Orlando, Florida, USA.
- (2018) Challenges with data for human reliability analysis. Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World. Proceedings of ESREL 2018, June 17-21, 2018, Trondheim, Norway.
- (2018) A Literature Study to Explore Empirically: What Is the Scientific Discipline of Human Factors and What Makes It Distinct from Other Related Fields. Advances in Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance.
- (2017) Experience and training as performance-shaping factors in human reliability analysis. Risk, Reliability and Safety: Innovating Theory and Practice : Proceedings of ESREL 2016 (Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2016).
- (2017) Which types of leadership behaviors can promote safety in an interorganizational context?. Risk, Reliability and Safety: Innovating Theory and Practice : Proceedings of ESREL 2016 (Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2016).
- (2017) Decomposition level of quantification in human reliability analysis. Risk, Reliability and Safety: Innovating Theory and Practice : Proceedings of ESREL 2016 (Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2016).
- (2016) Suggestions for Improvements to the Definitions of SPAR-H Performance Shaping Factors, to the Definitions of the Levels, and Suggestions for Changes in the Multipliers. Proceedings of the Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management (PSAM) 12 Conference - Volume 6.
- (2016) Analysis of Human Actions as Barriers in Major Accidents in the Petroleum Industry, Applicability of Human Reliability Analysis Methods (Petro-HRA). Proceedings of the Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management (PSAM) 12 Conference - Volume 4.
- (2009) Is human reliabilty relevant to human factors?. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 53rd Annual Meeting.
- (2017) The Petro-HRA Guideline. 2017. ISBN 978-82-7017-901-5.
- (2016) PETRO-HRA, A NEW METHOD FOR HUMAN RELIABILITY ANALYSIS IN THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY. 13th International Conference on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management (PSAM 13) ; Seoul. 2016-10-02 - 2016-10-07.
- (2016) Experience and training as performance-shaping factors in human reliability analysis. ESREL 2016 ; Glascow. 2016-09-25 - 2016-09-29.
- (2016) Which types of leadership behaviors can promote safety in an interorganizational context?. ESREL (European reliability and Safety) 2016 . University of Strathclyde; Glasgow. 2016-09-25 - 2016-09-29.