EUSCORPIIDAE
Laurie, 1896

In a recent revision (Soleglad & Sissom, 2001), the family Scorpiopidae and the chactid genus Chactopsis were included into the Euscorpiidae. This was done after a very thorough phylogenetic analysis of the two families.

After the revision, this family now includes 12 genera and 136 species [Updated 15.08.17]. Euscorpiidae are widespread in central and southern Europe, and also found in Africa (Mediterranean coast), North America (Mexico), Central America (Guatemala), South America (Brazil, Peru, Venezuela), Asia (west, central, south and southeast). One species has become established in some parts of southern England. The forefathers of these scorpions probably came with merchandise to the harbors, and have succeeded in surviving in sheltered places.

Some species of this family have been reported in captivity, especially members of the genus Euscorpius. Some members of the genus Scorpiops have been reported to occur in captivity, but many of these might be misidentified members of the scorpionid genus Heterometrus.

The members of the genus Euscorpius are under taxonomic investigations by professor Victor Fet and other scientists. Several important changes are expected, and these will be published in The Scorpion Files as soon as they are official.

Online identification key for the Euscorpius genus. The key includes most of the recently described species.

Euscorpiids are harmless scorpions which possess no threat to healthy humans.

Some habitat pictures for E. carpathicus in Italy.
Some habitat pictures for E. flavicaudis in England.

Soleglad, M. E. & Sissom, W. D. 2001: Phylogeny of the family Euscorpiidae Laurie, 1896: a major revision. 25-111. In V. Fet & P. A. Selden (eds.). Scorpions 2001. In memoriam Gary A. Polis. British Arachnological Society. Burnham Beeches, Bucks. xi + 404 pp.

Genus Chactopsis has been transfered back to Chactidae based on the decisions in Lourenco, 2003 and Lourenco et al., 2011.

Thanks to Dr. Victor Fet and Dr. Benjamin Gantenbein for keeping me updated on Euscorpius taxonomy!

Euscorpius flavicaudis photo (left) by Jan Ove Rein (C).
Scorpiops longimanus photo (right) by Dr. Wilson Lourenço (C) and
The Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins/ CEVAP (C)

SPECIES FILES:
This list of genera and species is based on Fet et al.(2000) and Soleglad & Sissom, 2001. Subspecies is not included in the list. I try to update the list as additions and changes are published. * denotes changes after Fet et al. (2000). I will be grateful for information about new development in the taxonomy of this family. For information about synonyms and bibliographies, see Fet et al. (2000)

Alloscorpiops Vachon, 1980* (6)
A. anthracinus (Simon, 1887)
A. calmonti Lourenço, 2013*
A. citadelle Kovarik, 2013*
A. lindstroemii (Thorell, 1889)
A. troglodytes Lourenço & Pham, 2015*
A. wongpromi Kovarik, Soleglad & Kosulic, 2013*
Dasyscorpiops Vachon, 1974* (1)
D. grandjeani Vachon, 1974
Euscorpiops Vachon, 1980* (26)
E. alexandreanneorum Lourenço, 2013*
E. artemisae Kovarík, Kosulic, Stahlavsky, Dongkhamfu & Wongprom 2015*
E. asthenurus (Pocock, 1900)
E. beccaloniae Kovarík, 2005*
E. bhutanensis (Tikader & Bastawade, 1983)
E. binghamii (Pocock, 1893)
E. cavernicola Lourenço & Pham, 2013*
E. dakrong Lourenço & Pham, 2014*
E. kaftani (Kovarík, 1993)
E. kamengensis Bastawade, 2006*
E. karschi Qi, Zhu & Lourenço, 2005*
E. kubani Kovarík, 2004*
E. longimanus (Pocock, 1893)
E. montanus Karsch, 1879*
E. neradi Kovarik, Pliskova & Stahlavsky, 2013*
E. novaki Kovarík, 2005*
E. orioni Kovarík, Kosulic, Stahlavsky, Dongkhamfu & Wongprom 2015*
E. problematicus Kovarik, 2000*
E. puerensis Di, Wu, Cao, Xiao & Li, 2010*
E. sejnai Kovarik, 2000*
E. shidian Qi, Zhu & Lourenço, 2005*
E. thaomischorum Kovarík, 2012*
E. vachoni Qi, Zhu & Lourenço, 2005*
E. validus Di, Cao, Wu & Li, 2010*
E. xui Sun & Zhu, 2010*
E. yangi Zhu, Zhang & Lourenço, 2007*
Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 (58)
E. aladaglarensis Tropea & Yagmur, 2016*
E. alanyaensis Tropea, Yagmur, Parmakelis & Kunt, 2016*
E. alpha Caporiaco, 1950*
E. amorgensis Tropea, Fet, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2017*
E. aquilejensis (C. L. Koch, 1837)*
E. arikani Yagmur & Tropea, 2015*
E. avcii Tropea, Yagmur, Koc, Yesilyurt & Rossi 2012*
E. balearicus Caporiacco, 1950*
E. beroni Fet, 2000*
E. birulai Fet, Soleglad, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2014*
E. borovaglavaensis Tropea, 2015*
E. candiota Birula, 1903*
E. carpathicus (Linnaeus, 1767)
E. celanus Tropea, 2012*
E. ciliciensis Birula, 1898*
E. concinnus (C. L. Koch, 1837)*
E. corcyraeus Tropea & Rossi, 2012*
E. croaticus Di Caporiacco, 1950*
E. curcici Tropea, Fet, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2017*
E. deltshevi Fet, Graham, Webber & Blagoev, 2014*
E. drenskii Tropea, Fet, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2015*
E. erymanthius Tropea, Fet, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2013*
E. eskisehirensis Tropea & Yagmur, 2015*
E. feti Tropea, 2013*
E. flavicaudis (DeGeer, 1778)
E. gamma Caporiaco, 1950*
E. germanus (C.L. Koch, 1837)
E. giachinoi Tropea & Fet, 2015*
E. gocmeni Tropea, Yagmur & Yesilyurt, 2014*
E. hadzii Caporiacco, 1950*
E. hakani Tropea & Yagmur, 2016*
E. honazicus Tropea, Yagmur, Karampatsou, Parmakelis & Yesilyurt, 2016*
E. hyblaeus Tropea, 2016*
E. italicus (Herbst, 1800)
E. kinzelbachi Tropea, Fet, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2014*
E. koci Tropea & Yagmur, 2015*
E. koschewnikowi Birula, 1900*
E. kritscheri Fet, Soleglad, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2013*
E. lycius Yagmur, Tropea & Yesilyurt, 2013*
E. mingrelicus (Kessler, 1874)
E. mylonasi Fet, Soleglad, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2014*
E. naupliensis (C. L. Koch, 1837)*
E. oglasae Di Caporiacco, 1950*
E. ossae Di Capriacco, 1950*
E. parthenopeius Tropea, Parmakelis, Sziszkosz, Balanika & Bouderka, 2014*
E. phrygius Bonacina, 1980*
E. popovi Tropea, Fet, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2015*
E. scaber Birula, 1900*
E. sicanus (C. L. Koch, 1837)*
E. solegladi Fet, Graham, Webber & Blagoev, 2014*
E. stahlavskyi Tropea, Fet, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2014*
E. sultanensis Tropea & Yagmur, 2016*
E. tauricus (C. L. Koch, 1837*
E. tergestinus (C.L. Koch, 1837)
E. uludagensis Lacroix, 1995*
E. vailatii Tropea & Fet, 2015*
E. vignai Tropea, Fet, Parmakelis, Kotsakiozi & Stathi, 2014*
E. yagmuri Kovarik, Fet & Soleglad, 2014*
Megacormus Karsch, 1881 (5)
M. gertschi Díaz Najera, 1966
M. granosus (Gervais, 1843)
M. grubbsi Sissom, 1994
M. segmentatus Pocock, 1900
M. xichu Gonzalez-Santillan, Gonzalez-Ruiz & Escobedo-Morales, 2017*
Neoscorpiops Vachon, 1980* (4)
N. deccanensis (Tikader & Bastawade, 1983)
N. maharashtraensis Mirza, Sanap & Upadhye, 2014
N. satarensis (Pocock, 1900)
N. tenuicauda (Pocock, 1894)
Parascorpiops Banks, 1928* (1)
P. montanus Banks, 1928
Plesiochactas Pocock, 1900 (3)
P. dilutus (Karsch, 1881)
P. mitchelli Soleglad, 1976
P. vasquezi Trujillo & Armas, 2012*
Plethoscorpiops Lourenço, 2017* (1)
P. profusus Lourenço, 2017*
Scorpiops Peters, 1861* (29)
S. afghanus Lourenço & Qi, 2006*
S. atomatus Qi, Zhu & Lourenço, 2005*
S. braunwalderi Kovarik, 2000*
S. dastychi Kovarik, 2000*
S. demisi Kovarík, 2005*
S. farkaci Kovarík, 1993
S. feti Kovarik, 2000*
S. hardwickii (Gervais, 1843)
S. ingens Yin, Qiu, Pan, Li & Di, 2015*
S. irenae Kovarík, 1994
S. jendeki Kovarik, 2000*
S. kraepelini Lourenço, 1998
S. langxian Qi, Zhu & Lourenço, 2005*
S. leptochirus Pocock, 1893
S. lhasa Di & Zhu, 2009*
S. lindbergi (Vachon, 1980)*
S. luridus Qi, Zhu & Lourenço, 2005*
S. margerisonae Kovarik, 2000*
S. oligotrichus Fage, 1933
S. pachmarhicus Bastawade, 1992
S. pakistanus Kovarik & Ahmed, 2009*
S. petersii Pocock, 1893
S. pococki Qi, Zhu & Lourenço, 2005*
S. pseudomontanus Kovarik & Ahmed, 2009*
S. rohtangensis Mani, 1959
S. spitiensis Zambre, Sanap & Mirza, 2014*
S. tibetanus Hirst, 1911
S. zubairahmedi Kovarik, 2009*
Troglocormus Francke, 1981 (2)
T. ciego Francke, 1981
T. willis Francke, 1981
Vietscorpiops (Lourenço and Pham, 2015) (1)
V. dentidactylus (Lourenço and Pham, 2015)

Jan Ove Rein (C) 2017