Kraepelin, 1905

This family was established recently in Soleglad & Fet's major revision of higher scorpion systematics. In 2020, the subfamily Hadrurinae Stahnke, 1973 was removed from this family and elevated to family status, Hadruridae Stahnke, 1974. Members of this family are found in South America (Ecuador, Peru and Chile; Galapagos Islands and mainland Ecuador), and they were previsouly included in the family Iuridae. Caraboctonidae currently has two genera and and 26 species [Updated 23.11.23].

The scorpions in this family are not considered medical significant, but sting might be painful.

Hadruroides charcasus (left) photo by Jay Stotzky (C)

This list of genera and species is based on Fet et al.(2000). September 2019: Subspecies are included in the list. I try to update the list as additions and changes are published. * denotes changes after Fet et al. (2000). I will be grateful for information about new development in the taxonomy of this family. For information about synonyms and bibliographies, see Fet et al. (2000)
See also Soleglad & Fet (2003) for more information. Fulltext freely available HERE (issue 11):

Caraboctonus Pocock, 1893 (1)
C. keyserlingi Pocock, 1893
Hadruroides Pocock, 1893 (25)
H. adrianae Rossi, 2012*
H. aguilari Francke & Soleglad, 1980
H. apu Ythier & Lourenço, 2023*
H. bustamantei Ochoa & Chaparro, 2008*
H. carinatus Pocock, 1900
H. charcasus (Karsch, 1879)
H. chinchaysuyu Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. doriai Rossi, 2014*
H. elenae Rossi, 2014*
H. galapagoensis Maury, 1975
H. geckoi Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. graceae Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. inti Ythier, 2021*
H. juanchaparroi Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. leopardus Pocock, 1900
H. lourencoi Rossi, 2012*
H. lunatus (L. Koch, 1867)
H. maculatus (Thorell, 1876)
H. mauryi Francke & Soleglad, 1980
H. moreti Rossi, 2014*
H. pachamama Ythier, 2021*
H. tishqu Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. tongiorgii Rossi, 2012*
H. udvardyi Lourenço, 1995
H. vichayitos Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*

Jan Ove Rein (C) 2024