Kraepelin, 1905

This family was established recently in Soleglad & Fet's major revision of higher scorpion systematics. Members of this family are found in North and South America (Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Galapagos Islands, Mexico, Per, USA), and they were previsouly included in the family Iuridae. Caraboctonidae currently has four genera and and 32 species [Updated 15.06.16].

Some species in this family (e.g. the long-lived and easy kept Hadrurus arizonensis) are kept in captivity.

The scorpions in this family are not considered medical significant, but sting might be painful.

Genus Hoffmannihadrurus Fet & Soleglad, 2004 has been synonymized with Hadrurus by Fracke & Prendini, 2008, but has been reinstated again by Fet & Soleglad, 2008.

Hadruroides charcasus (left) photo by Jay Stotzky (C)
Hadrurus arizonensis (right) photo by Michael Andersen (C)

This list of genera and species is based on Fet et al.(2000). September 2019: Subspecies are included in the list. I try to update the list as additions and changes are published. * denotes changes after Fet et al. (2000). I will be grateful for information about new development in the taxonomy of this family. For information about synonyms and bibliographies, see Fet et al. (2000)
See also Soleglad & Fet (2003) for more information. Fulltext freely available HERE (issue 11):

Caraboctonus Pocock, 1893 (1)
C. keyserlingi Pocock, 1893
Hadruroides Pocock, 1893 (22)
H. adrianae Rossi, 2012*
H. aguilari Francke & Soleglad, 1980
H. bustamantei Ochoa & Chaparro, 2008*
H. carinatus Pocock, 1900
H. charcasus (Karsch, 1879)
H. chinchaysuyu Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. doriai Rossi, 2014*
H. elenae Rossi, 2014*
H. galapagoensis Maury, 1975
H. geckoi Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. graceae Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. juanchararroi Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. leopardus Pocock, 1900
H. lourencoi Rossi, 2012*
H. lunatus (L. Koch, 1867)
H. maculatus (Thorell, 1876)
H. mauryi Francke & Soleglad, 1980
H. moreti Rossi, 2014*
H. tishqu Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
H. tongiorgii Rossi, 2012*
H. udvardyi Lourenço, 1995
H. vichayitos Ochoa & Prendini, 2010*
Hadrurus Thorell, 1876 (7)
H. anzaborrego Soleglad, Fet & Lowe, 2011*
H. arizonensis Ewing, 1928
H. arizonensis arizonensis Ewing, 1928
H. arizonensis austrinus Williams, 1970
H. concolorous Stahnke, 1969
H. hirsutus (Wood, 1863)
H. obscurus Williams, 1970
H. pinteri Stahnke, 1969
H. spadix Stahnke, 1940
Hoffmannihadrurus Fet & Soleglad, 2004* (2)
H. aztecus (Pocock, 1902)
H. gertschi (Soleglad, 1976)

Jan Ove Rein (C) 2020