No common name. All Euscorpius were previously placed
in the family Chactidae.
Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia), Asia (Georgia, Turkey, Yemen (introduced), Europe (Albania, Croatia, France, Greece,
Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Monaco, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland, Yugoslavia).
This species is found in warm habitats, and is quite common in ruins, in buildings, under house-hold furnishings,
in crvices of walls etc. It can also be found in grass hills, under stones etc. In the Eastern Mediterranean are it can be found in
Few medical data available, but data from Italy
suggest local effects only. Mildly venomous. Harmless
scorpion, which rarely will use its stinger.
Lankester, E.R. (1883). Notes on some habits of the scorpion Androctonus funestus, Ehr., and Euscorpius italicus, Roes.
J. Linn. Soc. London (Zool.), vol. 16, pp. 455-462.
Angermann, H. (1957). Über Verhalten, Spermatophorenbildung und Sinnesphysiologie
von Euscorpius italicus und verwandten Arten. Z. Tierpsych., vol. 14, pp. 276-302.
Torregiani, F. & C. La Cavera (1990). Puntura di
scorpione (Euscorpius, sp.) in Italia e rassegna
dello scorpionismo [Scorpion sting (Euscorpius, sp.)
in Italy and scorpionism review.] Minerva Medica, vol. 81
(suppl. 2), pp. 137-145.
Crucitti, P. (1993). Distribution and diversity of
Italian scorpions. REDIA, vol. LXXVI (2), pp. 281-300.
On the Internet:
identification key for Euscorpius
scorpions (Dr. Benjamin Gantenbein).
This species is the largest of the Euscorpius, with adult length up
to 50 mm. The color of the body is dark brown and with yellow-brown
legs and sting (telson). It is a
typical fossorial scorpion with large, strong pedipalps,
a stout body, short legs and a short, thin tail
(metasoma). See the Euscorpius
identification key for more details.
I'm not aware of any reserach being done on this species.
This species is kept in captivity (especially in
Europe), but not as common as should be espected from a
"native" scorpion. Few commersial suppliers
deliver this species (and other Euscorpius).
Euscorpius italicus photo
by Jan Ove Rein (C)