No common name. This species is divided into two
subspecies. I. dufoureius dufoureius, which is
endemic to Greece, and I. dufoureius asiaticus,
which is endemic to Turkey.
Asia (Turkey) and Europe (Greece (including islands of
the Aegean Sea)).
This species is hygrophilic, and is usually found in humid habitats like
compost-based forest floor, shielded from the heat. Large stones are usually used
as hiding places, but some specimens are located in natural holes. This species hide deep in the ground during
the warmest part of the summer (I don't know if this species make its own burrows, or
use natural burrows during this period). This species is usually located in the lowlands, but there are reports of
specimens located at 1000-1300 meters (Taygetos) and 1680 meters (Ciglikara, Antatolia).
A few habitat pictures from Turkey can be seen HERE.
A collection of habitat pictures from Crete can be seen HERE.
No data available, but this species is assumed
to be harmless. Sting might be painful.
Kinzelbach, R. (1975). Die skorpione der Ägäis.
Beiträge zur systematik, phylogenie und biogeographie.
Zool. Jb. Syst., vol. 102, pp. 12-50.
Taxonomic and zoogeographic observations on Iurus Thorell (Scorpiones,
Iuridae). Bull. British Arachnol. Soc. 5(5):221-224.
Kritscher, E. (1993), Ein beitrag zur verbreitung der skorpione im östlichen Mittelmeerraum.
Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, vol. 94/95, pp. 377-391.
Facheris, D. 2007. New localities of Iurus dufoureius dufoureius (Brullé, 1832) in the Peloponnese, Greece (Scorpiones: Iuridae). Euscorpius , 52, pp. 1–4 .
On the Internet:
A Review of the Scorpions of Europe.
scorpions (Dr. Benjamin Gantenbein).
This species is the largest scorpion i Europe. Adults
measure up to 100 mm. Body color is dark brown to black.
Legs are less dark than the body.
This species is probably not kept in captivity because
it is a very rare species.
Little is known about the biology of this species, and
no current research is being done.
Iurus dufoureius asiaticus photo
by Jan Ove Rein (C)