Mesobuthus cyprius
(Gantenbein et al., 2000)

 

Common names:
No common name. This species is formerly known as M. gibbosus anatolicus , but DNA analysis showed that this an unique species, probably endemic for Cyprus.

Distribution:
Cyprus (Trodos area, western and southwestern Cyprus in the following locations: Polis Chrysochou, Lemona Village (Paphos area), Akrotiri, Dhekelia and Kato Pyrgos) and also one finding in a park in Nicosia. M. cyprius seems to be quite common in parts of Cyrpus) Also some locations in occupied northern Cyprus.

Habitat:
Arid/semi-arid habitats with little or no vegetation. Moderate to limited humidity. Don't dig burrows, but use natural space/burrows under stones and other objects. In Northwestern areas it seems that this species might enter gardens and accidently houses.

Venom:
No medical data available in literature, but probably moderate venomous. Case reports I have gotten for 6-7 patients seems to indicate local effects only, but there is much pain involved in some of the cases.

Selected litterature:
Gantenbein, B., Kropf, C., Largiadèr, C. R. & Scholl, A. (2000). Molecular and morphological evidence for the presence of a new buthid taxon (Scorpiones: Buthidae) on the island of Cyprus. Revue suisse de Zoologie, 107(1), 213-232.

On the Internet:
Mesobuthus in Cyprus.

General:
One locality of this species on Cyprus is on the island's highest mountain (appr. 1900 m above sea). This area have snow in several months of the winter. I have also gotten several findings from northwestern Cyprus.


Jan Ove Rein (C) 2017