Bothriuridae
Simon, 1880

This family includes 17 genera and 154 species [Updated 03.05.17]. The family has representatives in South America, Africa (southern part), Asia (India) and Australia, where they are found in temperate and subtropical habitats. One genus has recently been discovered in the Himalayas (Cercophonius). Members of this family are found in small burrows, under stones, in cracks and crevices, and in self-made burrows up to 40 cm deep.

Members of this family are unique in that the normally pentagonal sternum consists of two transverse bars (except Lisposoma and Tehuankea), and is several times broader than long.

The genera Liposoma and Brandbergia are distributed in Southern Africa.

The family Bothriuridae was revised by Andres Ojanguren Affilastro in Kovarik & Ojanguren Affilastro (2013).

A review paper summing up all taxonomic changes in Bothriuridae between 1999 and 2006 is freely available here. See Bothriruidae updates for information about the ever changning status of the genus Brandbergia.

The genus Orobothriurus was revised in 2011 by Ochoa, Ojanguren Affilastro, Mattoni & Prendini.

There are no medical publications available that indicate that this family has species of medical importance, but Mahsberg, et al. (1999) say that the sting from the genus Bothriurus is painful and may cause cardiovascular symptoms.

Members of this family are rarely reported in captivity.

Photo of Brachistosternus sp. (?) (left) by Jose Horacio Grau Jipoulou.
Photo of Bothriurus sp. (?) (right) by Jose Horacio Grau Jipoulou.

SPECIES FILES:
This list of genera and species has its basis in Fet et al.(2000), but is updated as soon as new taxononmic works are published. Subfamilies and subspecies are not included in the list. For information about synonyms and bibliographies, see Fet et al. (2000)

Bothriurus Peters, 1861 (47)
B. aguardente Santos-Da-Silva, Carvahlo & Brescovit, 2017*
B. araguayae Vellard, 1934
B. asper Pocock, 1893
B. bertae Abalos, 1955
B. bocki Kraepelin, 1911
B. bonariensis (C.L. Koch, 1842)
B. buecherli San Martín, 1934
B. burmeisteri Kraepelin, 1894
B. ceii Ojanguren Affilastro, 2007*
B. cerradoensis Lourenço, Motta, Godoi & Araújo 2004*
B. chacoensis Maury & Acosta, 1993
B. chilensis (Molina, 1782)
B. cordubensis Acosta, 1955
B. coriaceus Pocock, 1893
B. delmari Santos-Da-Silva, Carvahlo & Brescovit, 2017*
B. dumayi Cekalovic, 1974*
B. flavidus Kraepelin, 1911
B. guarani Maury, 1984
B. huincul Mattoni, 2007*
B. illudens Mello-Leitão, 1947
B. inermis Maury, 1981
B. jesuita Ojanguren Affilastro, 2003*
B. keyserlingi Pocock, 1893*
B. maculatus Kraepelin, 1911
B. mochaensis Cekalovic, 1982
B. moojeni Mello-Leitão, 1945
B. nendai Ojanguren Affilastro & Garcia-Mauro, 2010*
B. noa Maury, 1984
B. olaen Acosta, 1997
B. pampa Ojanguren Affilastro, 2002*
B. patagonicus Maury, 1968
B. pichicuy Mattoni, 2002*
B. picunche Mattoni, 2002*
B. pora Mattoni & Acosta, 2005*
B. prospicuus Mello-Leitão, 1932
B. rochai Mello-Leitão, 1932
B. rochensis San Martín, 1965
B. rubescens Mello-Leitão, 1947
B. sanctacrucis Mattoni, 2007*
B. signatus Pocock, 1893
B. sooretamensis San Martín, 1966
B. trivittatus Werner, 1939
B. vachoni San Martín, 1968
B. vittatus (Guerin Meneville, 1838)
B. voyati Maury, 1973
B. xingu Lourenço, 2016*
B. ypsilon Mello-Leitão, 1935
Brachistosternus Pocock, 1893 (43)
B. aconcagua Ojanguren Affilastro & Luisa-Scioscia, 2007*
B. alienus Lönnberg, 1898
B. andinus Chamberlin, 1916
B. angustimanus Ojanguren Affilastro & Roig Alsina, 2001*
B. artigasi Cekalovic, 1974
B. barrigai Ojanguren Affilastro & Pizarro-Araya, 2014*
B. castroi Mello-Leitão, 1940 (nomen dubium*)
B. cekalovici Ojanguren Affilastro, 2005*
B. cepedai Ojanguren Affilastro, Augusto, Pizarro-Araya & Mattoni, 2007*
B. chango Ojanguren Affilastro, Mattoni & Prendini, 2007*
B. chilensis Kraepelin, 1911
B. coquimbo Ojanguren Affilastro, Augusto, Pizarro-Araya & Mattoni, 2007*
B. donosoi Cekalovic, 1974
B. ehrenbergii (Gervais, 1841)
B. ferrugineus (Thorell, 1876)
B. galianoae Ojanguren Affilastro, 2002*
B. holmbergi Carbonell, 1923 (nomen dubium*)
B. intermedius Lönnberg, 1902
B. kamanchaca Ojanguren Affilastro, Mattoni & Prendini, 2007*
B. kovariki Ojanguren Affilastro, 2003*
B. mattonii Ojanguren Affilastro, 2005*
B. montanus Roig Alsina, 1977
B. multidentatus Maury, 1984
B. negrei Cekalovic, 1975
B. ninapo Ochoa, 2004*
B. ochoai Ojanguren Affilastro, 2004*
B. paposo Ojanguren Affilastro & Pizarro-Araya, 2014*
B. paulae Ojanguren Affilastro, 2003*
B. pegnai Cekalovic, 1969
B. pentheri Mello-Leitão, 1931
B. perettii Ojanguren Affilastro & Mattoni, 2006*
B. peruvianus Toledo Piza, 1974*
B. piacentinii Ojanguren Affilastro, 2003*
B. prendinii Ojanguren Affilastro, 2003*
B. quiscapata Ochoa & Acosta, 2002*
B. roigalsinai Ojanguren Affilastro, 2002*
B. sciosciae Ojanguren Affilastro, 2002*
B. simoneae Lourenço, 2000* (nomen dubium)
B. telteca Ojanguren Affilastro, 2000*
B. titicaca Ochoa & Acosta, 2002*
B. turpuq Ochoa, 2002*
B. weyenberghi (Thorell, 1876)
B. zambrunoi Ojanguren Affilastro, 2002*
Brandbergia Prendini, 2003* (1)
B. haringtoni Prendini, 2003*
Brazilobothriurus Lourenço & Monod, 2000* (1)
B. pantanalensis Lourenço & Monod, 2000*
Centromachetes Lønnberg, 1897 (3)
C. obscurus Mello-Leitão, 1932
C. pocockii (Kraepelin, 1894)
C. titschaki (Werner, 1939)
Cercophonius Peters, 1861 (7)
C. granulosus Kraepelin, 1908
C. himalayensis Lourenço, 1996 (nomen dubium*)
C. kershawi Glauert, 1930
C. michaelseni Kraepelin, 1908
C. queenslandae Acosta, 1990
C. squama (Gervais, 1843)
C. sulcatus Kraepelin, 1908
Lisposoma Lawrence, 1928 (2)
L. elegans Lawrence, 1928
L. joseehermana Lamoral, 1979
Mauryius Ojanguren-Affilastro & Mattoni, 2017* (1)
M. cuyanus Ojanguren-Affilastro & Mattoni, 2017*
Orobothriurus Maury, 1975 (15)
O. alticola (Pocock, 1899)
O. ampay Ochoa & Acosta, 2003*
O. atiquipa Ochoa & Acosta, 2002*
O. calchaqui Ochoa, Ojanguren Affilastro, Mattoni & Predini, 2011*
O. compagnuccii Ochoa, Ojanguren Affilastro, Mattoni & Predini, 2011*
O. curvidigitus (Kraepelin, 1911)
O. famatina Acosta & Ochoa, 2001*
O. grismadoi Ojanguren Affilastro, Campon, Silnik & Mattoni, 2009*
O. huascaran Ochoa, Ojanguren Affilastro, Mattoni & Predini, 2011*
O. paessleri (Kraepelin, 1911)
O. parvus Maury, 1975
O. quewerukana Ochoa, Ojanguren Affilastro, Mattoni & Predini, 2011*
O. ramirezi Ochoa, Ojanguren Affilastro, Mattoni & Predini, 2011*
O. tamarugal Ochoa, Ojanguren Affilastro, Mattoni & Predini, 2011*
O. wawita Acosta & Ochoa, 2000*
Pachakutej Ochoa, 2004* (6)
P. crassimanus (Maury, 1975)*
P. inca (Maury, 1975)*
P. iskay (Acosta & Ochoa, 2001)*
P. juchuicha Ochoa, 2004*
P. oscari Ochoa, 2004*
P. peruvianus (Mello-Leitão, 1948)*
Phoniocercus Pocock, 1893 (2)
P. pictus Pocock, 1893
P. sanmartini Cekalovic, 1968
Rumikiru Ojanguren-Affilastro, Mattoni, Ochoa & Prendini, 2012* (2)
R. atacama Ojanguren-Affilastro, Mattoni, Ochoa & Prendini, 2012*
R. lourençoi (Ojanguren Affilastro, 2003)*
Tehuankea Cekalovic, 1973 (1)
T. moyanoi Cekalovic, 1973
Thestylus Simon, 1880 (3)
T. aurantiurus Yamaguti & Pinto-da-Rocha, 2003*
T. glasioui Bertkau, 1880
T. signatus Mello-Leitão, 1931 (nomen dubium*)
Timogenes Simon, 1880 (5)
T. dorbignyi (Guérin Méneville, 1843)
T. elegans (Mello-Leitão, 1931)
T. haplochirus Maury & Roig Alsina, 1977
T. mapuche Maury, 1975
T. sumatranus Simon, 1880
Urophonius Pocock, 1893 (14)
U. achalensis Abalos & Hominal, 1974
U. brachycentrus (Thorell, 1876)
U. eugenicus (Mello-Leitão, 1931)
U. exochus (Penther, 1913)
U. granulatus Pocock, 1898
U. iheringi Pocock, 1893
U. mahuidensis Maury, 1973
U. martinezi Ojanguren-Affilastro & Cheli, 2009*
U. mondacai Ojanguren-Affilastro, Pizarro-Araya & Prendini, 2011*
U. pizarroi Ojanguren-Affilastro, Ochoa, Mattoni & Prendini, 2010*
U. somuncura Acosta, 2003*
U. transandinus Acosta, 1998*
U. tregualemuensis Cekalovic, 1981
U. tumbensis Cekalovic, 1981*
Vachonia Abalos, 1954 (1)
V. martinezi Abalos, 1954
 

Jan Ove Rein (C) 2017