No common name. All
Euscorpius were previously placed in the family Chactidae. Like
E. carpathicus, this is a species with high intraspecific
variation, and 10 subspecies are known. Future research might show that
E. mingrelicus is a species complex, and that some
populations/subspecies might be elevated to species status in the future
(like E. gamma).
Asia (Georgia, Syria, Turkey and
Europe (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania,
Russia, Slovenia and Yugoslavia). There is some uncertainty about the full
distribution of this species, and reports from some countries might be
misidentifications of other species.
This species is found in mountainous areas
with high humidity (forrest habitat). Reported from river valleys in
Austria. Hide under stones and other suitable objects on the ground, but
are also found under the bark of dead trees and logs. Little is known
about the biology of this species.
No medical data available, but data from
other Euscorpius species suggest local effects only. Mildly
venomous. Harmless scorpion, which rarely will use its stinger.
Fet, V. (1993). Notes on
Euscorpius mingrelicus (Kessler, 1874) (Scorpiones; Chactidae) from the
Caucasus. Riv. Mus. Cic. Sc. Nat. "E. Caffi" Bergamo, vol. 16, pp.
Kritscher, E. (1993), Ein beitrag zur verbreitung der skorpione im
östlichen Mittelmeerraum. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, vol. 94/95, pp.
Crucitti, P. (1993). Distribution and diversity of Italian
scorpions. REDIA, vol. LXXVI (2), 281-300.
Fet, V. (2000). Scorpions
(Arachnida, Scorpiones) from the Balkan Peninsula in the collection of the
National Museum of Natural History, Sofia. Historia Naturalis Bulgarica,
vol. 11, pp. 47-60.
Fet, V. & M. E. Braunwalder (2000). The
scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) of the Aegean area: current problems in
taxonomy and biogeography. Belg. J. Zool., vol. 130 (suppl.), pp. 17-22.
On the Internet:
Dark body coloration, and adult measure up
to 38 mm. It is difficult to separate this species from E. gamma
and E. germanus. See the Euscorpius
identification key for more details.
This species is probably not kept in captivity.
E. mingrelicus photo by: Dr. Ahmet Karatash (C)