High education is associated with low fat and high fibre, beta-carotene and vitamin C - Computation of nutrient intake based on a short food frequency questionnaire in 17,265 men and women in the Tromsø Study
Educational level has been correlated to the intake of several nutrients. In a population-based study
including 17,265 men and women aged 25-69 years, the intake of nutrients were calculated based on 37
questions about food habits. In this paper, we present results from the dietary survey with emphasis on
the relationships between dietary habits and educational level. Compared to subjects with low formal
education, subjects with high educational level have less fat in their diet and more dietary fibre, betacarotene,
vitamin C and alcohol (p-value for linear trend < 0.001). Our results confirm that high education
is associated with healthy food habits and relatively higher alcohol consumption. There is a need for
efforts in order to change the food habits of the less educated.
Personer med lang utdanning har ofte et bedre kosthold enn personer med kortere utdanning. I denne
undersøkelsen har vi estimert inntaket av en rekke næringsstoffer basert på 37 spørsmål om kostvaner
som ble stilt til personer som tok del i Tromsø-IV-undersøkelsen (1994/95). Vår studie inkluderer 17 265
menn og kvinner i Tromsø i alderen 25-69 år. Vi presenterer resultater fra denne kostholdsundersøkelsen
med vekt på relasjoner mellom kostvaner og utdanningslengde. Sammenlignet med personer med kort
formell utdanning, har personer med lang utdanning mindre fett i kosten og høyere inntak av fiber, betakaroten,
vitamin C og alkohol (p < 0.001). Resultatene bekrefter at personer med lang utdanning har et
helsemessig gunstigere kosthold, men et høyere alkoholinntak, enn personer med kort utdanning.
Funnene understreker behovet for målrettede tiltak for å utjevne sosiale forskjeller i kostvaner i Norge.
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