Endring av helsevaner – for helsens skyld eller for å gå ned i vekt?
Denne tverrsnittsundersøkelsen viste en klar positiv sammenheng mellom forsøk på å endre spise- og
trimvaner og kroppsmasseindeks. Serumkolesterol viste en svak positiv sammenheng med forsøk på å spise
sunnere, men det var ingen konsistent sammenheng for gitt nivå av kroppsmasseindeks. Det var heller
ingen signifikant sammenheng mellom serumkolesterol og forsøk på endring av mosjonsvaner etter
justering for andre variable. Flere kvinner enn menn oppga at de har forsøkt å endre helsevaner til det
bedre både når det gjelder kosthold og fysisk aktivitet. Personer som hadde forsøkt å endre spise- og/eller
trimvaner, oppgav hyppigere at de ikke brukte fett på brød eller brukte lettmargarin enn de som ikke hadde
gjort slike forsøk. De oppgav også i større grad at de drev hard fysisk aktivitet i fritiden. Denne undersøkelsen
tyder på at overvekt er en sterkt motiverende faktor for det å forsøke å spise sunnere og trimme mer, og
velge gunstigere levevaner.
Skåra BB, Graff-Iversen S.
Changing health habits – to improve health or to loose weight? Reported
efforts of 40-42-years-old in Buskerud county, Norway, to change health habits in 1996.
Nor J Epidemiol
Based on data from the cardiovascular screening programme performed by the National Health Screening
Service in Buskerud County 1996, the participants' effort of changing their health habits are described. The
data show clear associations between effort of changing habits of diet and exercise, and body mass index.
Serum cholesterol showed a weak correlation with attempt to change habits of diet, however, there was no
consistent correlation for a given level of body mass index. There was no significant association between
level of serum cholesterol and effort to change habits of exercise after adjusting for other variables. More
women than men said they had tried to improve their habits of diet and exercise. Persons who had tried to
change habits of diet and exercise, more frequently chose more healthy alternatives of fat on bread, and
participated in harder physical exercise in their spare time. This survey indicates that overweight is a
motivation for improving habits of diet and exercise.1997; 7 (2): 267-271.
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