Alcohol and trauma: The impact of acute and chronic alcohol abuse on injury severity and death in a trauma population
: AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale); BAL (blood alcohol level); GDH (glutamate dehydrogenase); GGT
(gamma-glutamyltransferase); HMC (Harborview Medical Centre); ISS (Injury Severity Score); MCV (mean corpuscular
volume); MV-occupants (motor vehicle occupants); SMAST (Short Michigan Alcohol Screening Test); WAM
(weighed alcohol markers).: alcohol markers; biological; injury severity; lethality; screening tests; trauma: This study indicates that acute and chronic alcohol use, at least for some types of injury, has
contrasting effects on injury severity and mortality in men and women hospitalized for trauma. Future
studies on alcohol and trauma should recognize this, and present sex-specific analyses.: The effect of alcohol use on injury severity and mortality was different between genders.
Increasing use of alcohol in men showed a "protective" effect, while the opposite effect was observed in
women. With the exception of injury severity in motor vehicle occupants and motorcyclists, the "protective"
effect of alcohol was found for all types of trauma in men, whereas increasing alcohol use in women
was associated with an increase in injury severity and mortality for penetrating injuries and for motor
vehicle occupants and motorcyclists. Women with blunt injuries, however, showed the same "protective"
effect from alcohol as observed in men. No differences was found between acute and chronic alcohol use
with respect to trauma morbidity and mortality.: 2195 men and 664 women 18 years or older, admitted with blunt or penetrating trauma.: Regional Level 1 trauma center in Seattle, Washington, USA.: A prospective cohort study.: To explore possible impact of acute and chronic alcohol abuse on injury severity and
mortality in male and female trauma patients.
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