No common name. All Euscorpius were previously placed
in the family Chactidae.
This widespread species has currently 23 valid subspecies, which are more or less
difficult to identify. A major revision of this species (and the other species of Euscorpius)
is fortunately underway, and a lot of exciting changes are expected. These pages will be updated
as soon as the changes get official.
Africa (Egypt, Libya, Madeira, Tunisia), Asia (Turkey), Europe (Albania, Austria,
Bulgaria, Bosnia and herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Greece, France,
Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Malta, Monaco, Romania, San Marino, Slovenia, Spain (including Baleares),
Turkey, Ukraine, Yugoslavia).
Warm, temperate climate in South-Western Europe. It is
found in different habitats (in gardens, in forrests, under stones, in
houses, in old walls). See some habitat pictures HERE.
The species in not uncommon in human habitations. Data on natural habitats in Southern
Few medical data available, but data from Italy
suggest local effects only. Mildly venomous. Harmless
scorpion, which rarely will use its stinger.
Torregiani, F. & C. La Cavera (1990). Puntura di
scorpione (Euscorpius, sp.) in Italia e rassegna
dello scorpionismo [Scorpion sting (Euscorpius, sp.)
in Italy and scorpionism review.] Minerva Medica, vol. 81
(suppl. 2), pp. 137-145.
Crucitti, P. (1993). Distribution and diversity of
Italian scorpions. REDIA, vol. LXXVI (2), pp. 281-300.
Ugolini, A. & Vannini, M. (1992).
Parental care and larval survival in Euscorpius carpathicus.
Boll. Zool., vol. 59, pp. 443-446.
Kritscher, E, (1992).
Erstnachweis von Skropionen auf den Maltesischen Inseln. Euscorpius carpathicus candiota (Birula, 1903)
(Arachn.:Scorp.:Chactidae) auf Malta und Gozo.
Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, vol. 93, p. 185.
Vannini, M. & Ugolini, A. (1980).
Permanence of Euscorpius carpathicus (L.) larvae on the mothers back (Scorpiones, Chactidae).
Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol., vol. 7, pp. 45-47.
On the Internet:
identification key for Euscorpius
Some habitat pictures
scorpions (Dr. Benjamin Gantenbein).
THE QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF SENSILLA SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN THE SCORPION EUSCORPIUS CARPATHICUS by Frederick Zamow & Victor Fet.
Structure de l'ovari-utérus chez la femelle du scorpion Euscorpius carpathicus avant fécondation. French poster.
This species varies very much in color. Some poulations are
black with yellow-brown legs and darker sting (telson). Others
have dark brown bodies. Some populations are also light brown, almost
orangish in color. Because of these variations, colors are not
a safe way to identify Euscorpius. Adults measure 35-45 mm. It is a
typical fossorial scorpion with large, strong pedipalps,
a stout body, short legs and a short, thin tail
(metasoma). See the Euscorpius
identification key for more details.
This species is kept in captivity (especially in
Europe), but not as coomon as should be espected from a
"native" scorpion. Few commersial suppliers
deliver this species (and other Euscorpius).
Left: Euscorpius carpathicus from Firenze, Italy
Right: Brown form of Euscorpius carpathicus from Fiesole, Italy
photos by Jan Ove Rein (C)