EiP's author-year style of referencing
Etikk i praksis – Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics follows its own author-year style that combines APA and the so-called Harvard system.
- Do not use abbreviations such as ibid., op.cit., loc.cit., idem, or et passim.
- in the list of References and in-text citations, list all authors and do not use et al. When authors number 8 or more, include the first 6, then insert three ellipses, and add the last author. Example: Krishnan, K. J., Reeve, A. K., Samuels, D. C., Chinnery, P. F., Blackwood, J. K., Taylor, R. W., . . . Turnbull, D. M.
- 3, 4 or 5 authors: name all authors first time you quote them. From then on use only the surname of the first author, followed by 'and others.' Example: Ramaekers, Berghausb, Laarc and Drummer (2004), followed by 'Ramaekers and others (2004)'.
- 6 or more authors: only give the first author's surname, followed by and others. Example: Cheng and others (2004).
- For in-text citations, give the surname of the author and the year of publication. As a general rule, page references should be supplied after the year of publication, separated by a colon. For example (Luhmann 1992: 16–20).
- Quotations must be indicated by quotation marks. Quotations that are longer than three lines must be organised as separate paragraphs using 10 point font, single spacing and an 0.5 cm indentation from the left hand margin. Use single quotation marks for a quotation enclosed inside another quotation. Use square brackets to indicate any shortening of a quotation: […]
- Avoid numbered headlines. Use bold 14 point type for first level headings, and italicised 12 point type for second level headings.
- Distinguish between the dash and the hyphen. In order to emphasise words, please italicise – do not underline or use bold type.