The research group “Organising landscape” focuses on how landscapes were perceived, constructed and organised in Iron and Middle Age, taking its starting point in archaeology, history, onomastics, art history, history of religion, geophysics and remote sensing. “Landscape” is a term of wide comprehension, enabling quite different theoretical and methodological approaches to the topic. Consequently, the research group deals with different kinds of “landscapes”, e.g. countryside, urban landscape, ritual and sacral landscapes, and mental maps. A central question is which concepts and preconditions can be assumed to have be crucial for the perception of physical and spiritual space in different environments and times.