Research group for Consciousness, Cognition and Reality (CCR)

The focus of CCR is contemporary theoretical philosophy, mainly within the analytic school, and how issues here relate to those in the biological and cognitive sciences, including cognitive neuroscience. How can empirical issues about the mind and its capacities, together with evidence from neuroscience, illuminate and be illuminated by philosophical debates about physicalism, consciousness, scientific explanation, concepts and so on?

The group consists of researchers at the Philosophy Department, NTNU. Our aim is to provide a forum for discussion of issues within theoretical philosophy and cognitive science at the department; to assist each other in our individual writing and research; and in the long run to formulate collaborative project proposals.

If you would like to take part in our weekly meetings send an e-mail to


Core members:

Professor Jonathan Knowles

Philosophy of mind/psychology, philosophy of science, epistemology, philosophy of language, especially following issues: nature of ‘folk' psychology and its relation to scientific psychology, reductionism/pluralism in science, the nature and status of epistemic norms, naturalism and its relation to the realism/anti-realism debate, linguistic and rational competence.

 Recent/forthcoming publications/under preparation:
‘Why we don't need naturalistic epistemic norms' in M. Milkowski and K. Talmont-Kaminski, eds., Beyond Description: Normativity in Naturalised Philosophy. College Publications, London 2010.

 ‘Two kinds of non-scientific naturalism' forthcoming in M. Milkowski and K. Talmont-Kaminski (op. cit.).

‘Naturalism, pragmatism and the retreat from metaphysics: Scientific versus subject naturalism' in J. Knowles & H. Rydenfelt, eds., Pragmatism, Science and Naturalism. Frankfurt: Peter Lang forthcoming (2011).

‘Davidson versus Chomsky: The case of shared languages' forthcoming (2011) in Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift (in translation).

‘Naturalised epistemology, reciprocal containment and metaphysical realism' in J. Hvorecky and T. Hribek,eds., Knowledge, Value, Evolution. London: College Publications, forthcoming. 

‘Naturalism without realism?' in preparation.
‘Philosophical explanations – elusive or non-existent?' in preparation.


Senior lecturer Jussi Haukioja

Philosophy of language: rule-following, response-dependence, meaning and modality, methodological issues.
Philosophy of mind: mental content, consciousness
Recent publications and future plans:
- "Rigidity and Actuality-Dependence", forthcoming in Philosophical Studies 2011.

- "Kripke's Wittgenstein Reconsidered", under revision for Dialectica.

- State-of-the-Art article on Response-Dependence, under preparation for Schnieder, Steinberg & Hoeltje (eds.) Ontological Dependence, Supervenience, and Response-Dependence, forthcoming (2011) Philosophia Verlag, Munich.

- Paper planned on communicative success.

- Paper planned on linguistic intuitions and philosophical expertise.


Research fellow Ronny Selbæk Myhre

Philosophy of Neuroscience (evolution and development of mind and behaviour; neural mechanisms of consciousness; temporal and spatial cognition)
Philosophy of Biology (evolution and development of animal form, teleomechanics)
Philosophy of Mind (consciousness, representation and mental content)

‘Naturalism and the Metaphysics of Emergence' NFT 1/2008

Publication plans:
The Vortex of Being: Evolution and the Emergence of Consciousness (PhD dissertation)

‘Intuitionism Redux' (paper on the neural mechanisms underpinning spatial cognition)

‘Intentionality and the Neurodynamics of Experience' (paper on how the intrinsic dynamics of nervous systems enables consciousness)


Waldemar Zareba
Visiting research fellow from Catholic University of Lublin, Poland

Philosophy, history and methodology of science, methodology of human sciences (esp. cultural psychology, archaeology and evolutionary anthropology)
Pragmatic methodology and model of Inference to the Best Explanation
Naturalism and anti-naturalism debate
Possibilities and limits of so called scientific method
19th century scientific explorations

Recent publications/future plans:

(The Problem of Scientific Method in the Context of Discovery) Problem metody naukowej w kontekście odkrycia, w Monika Waczak (red.), Metodologia: tradycja i perspektywy, Lublin: Wydawnictwo KUL 2010

(What does It Mean that Science Need Philosophy) Co to znaczy, że nauce potrzebna jest filozofia?, w: Wojciech Kowalski, Stanisław Wszołek (red.), (Over Demarcation) Ponad demarkacją, Tarnów: Wydawnictwo Biblos 2008, pp. 161-184.

Does Darwinism Support the Humanities? (in progress)

Towards Naturalistic Model of the Humanities (planned)

Inference to the Best Explanation in the Humanities (planned)


Hans Gunnar Lian

part-time lecturer and research fellow-applicant

Metaphysics/ontology (dispositions, causation, colour ontology, metaphysical aspects of mind)

Philosophy of mind and psychology (intentionality, representations, mental content, colour perception)

Associate members:

Post-doctoral fellow Allen Andrew Alvarez

Philosophical debates about consciousness, especially concerning the plausibility of computational (mechanistic) models of consciousness. This debate is implied in discussions concerning human brain-machine interface and cognitive enhancement ethics, which is part of my postdoctoral project on ethics of human enhancement. Other interests related to the research focus of CCR include value dispositionalism, moral cognition, and philosophical analysis.

Some recent publications/presentations:
‘Conducting biomedical research in extreme scarcity' Asian Bioethics Review 2010, Volume 2 (3).

‘Health Equity in a Globalised World: Toward Constraining Global Greed?' 10th World Congress of Bioethics; 2010-07-28 - 2010-07-31

The cross-cultural importance of satisfying vital needs. Bioethics 2009, Volume 23 (9) p. 486-496.

Kjetil Audsen

part-time lecturer, PhD candidate

Theoreticism. Consciousness, cognition and self-consciousnesss in Paul M. Churchland. Hume. Bob Dylan's existentialism.