En blogg fra Allmennmedisinsk forskningsenhet (AFE) Trondheim

Stroke follow-up in primary care: a prospective cohort study on guideline adherence

av 3. desember 2018 i Tidsskriftsartikkel

Stipendiat Rune Aakvik Pedersen ved AFE Trondheim har publisert artikkelen «Stroke Follow-up in primary care:  a prospective cohort study on guideline adherence» i  BMC Family Practice. Medforfattere er Halfdan Petursson og Irene Hetlevik.

The purpose of this study was to investigate to what degree patients who have suffered a stroke are followed up in general practice, if recommendations in the national guidelines are followed, and if patients achieve the treatment goals recommended in the guidelines. The study included patients with cerebral infarction  in two Norwegian local hospitals. In total 51 patients participated. They were listed with general practitioners in 18 different clinics. The material consists of the general practitioners’ (GPs’) medical records for these patients in the first year of follow-up; in total 381 consultations.

Of the 381 consultations during the first year of follow-up, 71 (19%) had stroke as the main topic. The blood pressure (BP) target value < 140/90 mmHg was reached by 24 patients (47%). The low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol target value < 2.0 mmol/L was reached by 14 (27%) of the 51 patients. In total six patients (12%) got advice on physical activity and three (6%) received dietary advice. No advice about alcohol consumption was recorded.

Conclusions

The findings support earlier claims that the development and distribution of guidelines alone is not enough to implement a certain practice. Despite being a serious condition, stroke gets limited attention in the first year of follow-up in general practice. This can be explained by the complexity of general practice, where even a serious condition loses the competition for attention to other apparently equally important issues.

 

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