Revaluing the oceans
The oceans are in grave danger and the stakes are high. Overfishing, habitat destruction, pollution, and climate change are driving a profound disruption of ocean life. Coral reefs and kelp forests are dying, productive coastal waters are being transformed into anoxic dead zones, and global warming makes everything worse. But it’s not hopeless. Marine protected areas, improved fisheries management, and reduced pollution are helping to rebuild coastal ecosystems and fisheries. Charismatic animals like whales and sharks are increasingly valued and protected for ecotourism, while greater appreciation of the remarkable lives of marine species rather than as mere commodities is helping to foster stewardship and conservation. Achievable large-scale transformation to renewable energy can slow down ocean warming, acidification, and sea level rise to protect coral reefs and human wellbeing. It’s all a matter of choice.