Bakgrunn og aktiviteter

Research topic - A human-centred approach to HHD

The rising number of elderly and the growing number of chronically ill people put increasing pressure on the current health care system. By reconsidering where care takes place, opportunities to relief the system and stakeholders can be sought.  Chronic renal failure (CRF) is one of the chronic conditions that are becoming more prevalent worldwide. The focus of this research project lies in the field of home treatment for people with CRF and focuses specifically on the situation in Norway.

Currently, people with chronic renal failure most often undergo in-centre treatment (±85%), whereas there are possibilities for treatment at home. Despite its advantages, patients do not choose this treatment due to several hindrances, mainly related to knowledge, attitude and skills.

The results of this PhD research project are meant to contribute to the development of better information platforms for people with CRF. Allowing them to make knowledgeable decisions is important since no matter which treatment option the patient chooses it will have a significant impact on their live, as well as on the lives of their family. The research specifically focuses on the design of a service to inform newly diagnosed patients about the different treatment options and to enable uptake of HHD by reviewing how a new service can be implemented in current practice.


This PhD project is located in the field of welfare technology, -design and -services.  In the first phase of project a literature study has been done to identify the main barriers to uptake of HHD and ways to diminish these barriers. Additionally, information about gamification and service design has been gathered. The results of this study are discussed in a conference article titled: Home Haemodialysis and Gamification – A new approach to information mediation for the Design4Health conference to be held at the Sheffield Hallam University in July 2015. The article compares three current online platforms to each other on basis of their design and contents.

Furthermore, research questions and an initial research model have been formulated, and design theories have been analysed to define the theoretical background of the thesis.

To get an idea of current HHD practice in Norway two nurses of a specialized program, called the Kidney School, have been interviewed. Additionally, their three day program for newly diagnosed patients and their spouses will be observed. The results of this casestudy will contribute to identify gaps, possibilities and challenges in mediating information on HHD.  Additionally, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with patients and their next of kin will be held to clarify how the current situation is experienced and to identify bottlenecks in the information supply on treatment selection.

The practice phase is followed by an evaluation phase. In this phase the outcomes of the theory study, interviews and observations and the case studies will be reviewed. Triangulation will be used to find common denominators and eventual divergences. This should lead to an advancement of current theoretic insights. The theoretical approach that is formulated will be translated into practical guidelines for the design industry on the identification of needs and translation into requirements and recommendations on how to approach similar projects and realise implementation in current healthcare practices. 

My view on design

I believe that Design is not only about how something looks, but more importantly about what it does and how it works. You can design the most excellent products, but if the user does not understand its functioning, or if it does not meet the user’s needs and expectations, the product is unlikely to become successful and liked. 

Qualitative research will help a development team to understand not only general market insights, but also in building in-depth understanding of consumer behaviour, the use-environment, the consumer’s values, their needs and demands. These insights will contribute to the definition of valuable concepts; It will make it possible to design products that people are happy to use and are enthusiastic about.

I am a person with strong social skills who likes working together in project teams. I am interested in people’s behaviour and needs and have affinity with product development and branding.



Vitenskapelig, faglig og kunstnerisk arbeid

Et utvalg av nyere tidsskriftspublikasjoner, kunstneriske produksjoner, bok, inklusiv bokdeler og rapport-del. Se alle publikasjoner i databasen



  • Boks, Casparus Burghardus; Sigurjónsson, Jóhannes B.; Steinert, Martin; Vis, Anne Carlijn; Wulvik, Andreas. (2016) NordDesign 2016. The Design Society. 2016. ISBN 978-1-904670-80-3.

Del av bok/rapport

  • Vis, Anne Carlijn. (2016) Kid-Ney's Journey: A game to support treatment selection for people with chronic kidney failure. Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Serious Games and Applications for Health.
  • Vis, Anne Carlijn; Keitsch, Martina. (2015) Home Haemodialysis and Gamification – A new approach to information mediation. Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Design4Health 2015.