Marine ventures

 

Comparative perspectives on the dynamics of early human approaches to the seascapes of Tierra del Fuego and Norway.

Cambaceres, med Canal Beagle i bakgrunnen. En av de 1300 overgrodde skjellmøddingene som er registrert omkring bukta i forgrunnen. Foto H. Bjerck.

"Marine Ventures" focuses on the similarities and differences in the cultural developments in the two coastal areas, on different sides of the world, but also with many common features: Seascapes of Patagonia and Scandinavia. The lack of cultural relations between these distant areas implies two completely independent trajectories towards seascapes and marine adaptations, which display a cultural dynamism that is of global archaeological interest.

The emergence and development of marine adaptations is a central academic focus – interaction between social structure, dwellings and boats, the structure of dwelling sites and logistics. The project includes field trips and archaeological investigations in Norway and Tierra del Fuego, specifically Cambaceres, Estancia Haberton at the Canal Beagle. One of the four work packages in the project is a comparison of how cultural heritage provided and managed in Argentina and Norway, Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego and the Vega World Heritage site in Nordland, Norway.

The project is owned by NTNU Vitenskapsmuseet and funded with support from the Research Council of Norway, Latin America program (Project no 208828).

The project period for the Marine Ventures is April 1 2011-March 31 2014.  The project continues, at the moment we are working on publishing the proceedings from the Marine Venture Int. Symposium in 2013, expected to be finished in spring 2015.

 
Oppdatert Wed, 03 Dec 2014 15:27:15 +0100

References of special relevance to the project

Hein B. Bjerck & Atilio Francisco Zangrando (2013): Marine Ventures: Comparative Perspectives on the Dynamics of Early Human Approaches to the Seascapes of Tierra del Fuego and Norway, The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology, 8:1, 79-90

Bjerck, Hein B. & Breivik, Heidi Mjelva. Off shore pioneers: Scandinavian and Patagonian lifestyles compared in the Marine Ventures project. Antiquity 2012/0208.

Bjerck, H. B. 2007. Mesolithic coastal settlements and shell middens in Norway? In Shell Middens in Atlantic Europe (N. Milner, O. E. Craig, and G. Bailey, eds): 5–30. Oxford: Oxbow.

Bjerck, H. B. 2009. Colonizing seascapes: comparative perspectives on the development of maritime relations in Scandinavia and Patagonia. Arctic Anthropology 46(1–2): 118–131.

Blankholm, H. P., J. Estevez, J. Barcelo and B. Hood 2009. Tops of the World (TOW): The dawn of a concept. Arctic Anthropology 46(1–2): 1–7.

Borrero, L. A. and C. McEwan 1997. The Peopling of Patagonia. The First Human Occupation. In Patagonia. Natural History, Prehistory and Ethnography at the Uttermost End of the Earth (C. McEwan, L. A. Borrero and A. Prieto, eds): 32–46. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Bridges, L. 1947. Uttermost part of the Earth. London: Hodder and Stonghton.

Erlandson, J. M. 2001. The archaeology of aquatic adaptations: paradigms for a new millennium. Journal of Archaeological Research 9(4): 287–350.

Erlandson, J. M. and S. M. Fitzpatrick 2006. Oceans, Islands, and Coasts: Current Perspectives on the Role of the Sea in Human Prehistory. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 1: 5–32.

Estévez, J. 2009. Ethnoarchaeology in the uttermost part of the Earth. Arctic Anthropology 46 (1–2): 132–143.

Orquera, L. A., D. Legoupil and E. L. Piana 2011. Littoral adaptation at the southern end of South America. Quaternary International 239: 61–69.

Piana, E. L. and L. A. Orquera 2009. The southern Top of the world. The first peopling of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, and the cultural endurance of the Fuegian sea-nomads. Arctic Anthropology 45(1–2): 103–117.

Piana, E. L. and Orquera, A. L. 2010. Shell midden formation at the Beagle Channel (Tierra del Fuego, Argentine). (D. Calado, M. Baldia and M. Boulanger, eds) Monumental Questions: Prehistoric Megaliths, Mounds and Enclosures. British Archaeological Reports, International Series 2122: 263–273. Oxford: Archeopress.

Simonsen, K. 2007. Practice, spatiality and embodied emotions: an outline of a geography of practice. Human Affairs 17(2): 168–181.

Skar, B. 2006. The challenge of bridging the gap between landscape theory and practice. In Landscape Ideologies (T. Meier, ed.): 209–229 Budapest:  Archaeolingua. Ser. Min. 22.

 Smith, L., and E. Waterton 2009. Heritage, Communities and Archaeology. London: Duckworth.

Yesner, D. 2004. Prehistoric Maritime Adaptations of the Subarctic and Subantarctic Zones: The Aleutian/Fuegian Connection Reconsidered. Arctic Anthropology 41(2): 76–97.

Zangrando, A. F. 2009. Is fishing intensification a direct route to hunter-gatherer complexity? A case study from the Beagle Channel region (Tierra del Fuego, southern South America). World Archaeology 41(4): 589–608.

Zangrando, A. F. 2010. Coastal archaeology and hunter-gatherers in the south-eastern of Tierra del Fuego. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 5(2): 288–291.

Cambaceres, men Canal Beagle i bakgrunnen. En av de 1300 overgrodde skjellmøddingene som er registrert omkring bukta i forgrunnen. Foto H. Bjerck.
Photo album on Flickr

Photos from archaeological investigations on Tierra del Fuego, Argentina (2011-2013)

Photos from the exhibition

Photos from the opening of the exhibition "Marine ventures - Stone Age foragers in the seascapes of Norway and Tierra del Fuego"


Related material

News:

About the project:

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Participants

The NTNU University Museum:

CADIC – CONICET, Laboratorio de Antropología