When referring to literature in your text, you may use:
- A quote is a word by word rendering of something somebody else has written. When using quotes, you should mark these in a way that makes it easy for the reader to see what is a quote and what is your own text.
- A paraphrase is a rephrasing of the original text. Paraphrases are also called indirect quotes. It may be easier to use paraphrases than quotes because they can be adjusted to fit your own text.
- In scientific texts you should try to avoid using generalized terms such as many/several/some researchers/studies/reports etc. You need to specify which studies and which researchers.
When you want to refer to other researchers' work, without using quotes or paraphrasing, you must use references.