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SCORPIONS OF MEDICAL IMPORTANCE.

by Jan Ove Rein & Kari McWest

Here you will find a list of species that are reported to have medical significance in the literature. It is important to note that this list is not exhaustive. Species not mentioned in this list might pose a threat to humans. Many scorpions live in desert areas and have little or no contact with humans. These species might be dangerous, but stings rarely, if ever, happen. In addition, a lot of severe cases will not be reported in medical journals. This is especially true in the less developed countries. An additional problem is that the scorpion causing the sting is unknown, or not properly identified. It is therefore important to emphasize that the list presented here only covers species documented to cause moderate to severe symptoms in humans. Other species, especially species closely related to those known to be dangerous, might also pose a threat to humans.

This list is updated continuously and can not be considered complete when it comes to species of potentital medical importance.

Bothriuridae:

Buthidae:

Androctonus:
A. australis (Linnaeus, 1758)
A. bicolor Ehrenberg, 1828
A. crassicauda (Olivier, 1807)
A. mauritanicus (Pocock, 1902)
Other Androctonus species may also be of medical importance, but specific data are missing.

Buthus:
B. tunetanus (Herbst, 1800)
Other African Buthus species may also be om medical importance, but specific data are missing.

Centruroides:
C. balsasensis Ponce & Francke, 2004
C. elegans (Thorell, 1876)
C. hirsutipalpus Ponce-Saavedra & Francke, 2009
C. infamatus (C. L. Koch, 1844)
C. limpidus (Karsch, 1879)
C. meisei Hoffmann, 1939
C. noxius Hoffman, 1932
C. ornatus Pocock, 1902
C. sculpturatus Ewing, 1928
C. suffusus Pocock, 1902
C. tecomanus Hoffmann, 1932
C. villegasi Baldazo-Monsivaiz, Ponce-Saavedra & Flores-Moreno, 2013
Other Centruroides species may also be om medical importance, but specific data are missing.

Hottentotta:
H. alticola (Pocock, 1895)
?H. hottentotta (Fabricius, 1787)
H. tamulus (Fabricius, 1798) (previously Mesobuthus tamulus)

Leiurus:
L. abdullahbayrami Yagmur, Koc & Kunt, 2009
L. jordanensis Lourenço, Modry & Amr, 2002 (?)
L. nasheri Kovarik, 2007 (?)
L. quinquestriatus (Ehrenberg, 1828)
L. savanicola Lourenço, Qi & Cloudsley-Thompson, 2006 (?)

Mesobuthus:
?M. eupeus (C. L. Koch, 1839)
?M. gibbosus (Brulle, 1832)
[M. tamulus (Fabricius, 1798)[ New name Hottentotta tamulus]

Parabuthus:
P. transvaalicus Purcell, 1899
P. granulatus (Ehrenberg, 1831)
?P. leiosoma (Ehrenberg, 1828)
?P. mossambicensis (Peters, 1861)

Rhopalurus:
?R. debilis (C. L. Koch, 1840)

Tityus:
T. argentinus Borelli, 1899
T. bahiensis (Perty, 1833)
T. confluens Borelli, 1899
T. costatus (Karsh, 1879)
?T. dasyurus Pocock, 1897
?T. forcipula (Gervais, 1843)
?T. parvulus Kraepelin, 1914
?T. pugilator Pocock, 1898
T. serrulatus Lutz & Mello, 1922
T. silvestris Pocock, 1897
T. stigmurus (Thorell, 1876)
?T. trinitatus Pocock, 1897
T. trivittatus Kraepelin, 1898
T. zulianus Gonzßlez-Sponga, 1981
Other Tityus species may also be om medical importance, but specific data are missing.

Caraboctonidae:

Chactidae:
No species of medical importance have been reported.

Chaerilidae:

Diplocentridae:
See Scorpionidae.

Euscorpidae:

Hemiscorpiidae:
Hemiscorpius:
   Hemiscorpius acanthocercus Monod & Lourenšo, 2005
   Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861

Iuridae:

Microcharmidae:

Pseudochactidae:

Scorpionidae:

Nebo:
Nebo hierochonticus (Simon, 1872)

Superstitioniidae:

Urodacidae:

Vaejovidae:


Jan Ove Rein (C) 2017