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SCORPION LITERATURE:
Scientific literature available in fultext online
Max Vachon (1952)
Etudes sur les Scorpions.
Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files with permission from the publisher Institut Pasteur d'Algerie.
Available in fulltext!
This books is the most comprehensive treatment of North African scorpions ever made. Max Vachon was one of the most important scorpionist in modern times, and this book is a summary of his works on African scorpions. A lot of identification keys, and very good drawings. The book is written in french. 482 pp.
Bruno H. Lamoral (1979)
Scorpions of Namibia.
Orginally published in the Annals of the Natal Museum, 23 (3), pp. 497 - 784.
Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files with permission from Dr. Bruno Lamoral and the Natal Museum (South Africa).

Available in fulltext!

This books is the most comprehensive treatment of Namibian scorpions ever made. Descriptions of the species, identification keys, locality information and very good drawings. The book is written in english. 287 pp.
B. K. Tikader & D. B. Bastawade (1983)
Scorpions of India - Scorpions.
Orginally published by The Zoological Survey of India.
Available in fulltext thanks to The Zoological Survey of India.

Available in fulltext!

This books is the most comprehensive treatment of Indian scorpions ever made, eventhough some of the taxonomy is outdated (many taxa have been revised since the publication of the book). Descriptions of the species, identification keys, locality information and good drawings. The book is written in english. 671 pp.
L.E. Koch (1977)
The taxonomy, geographic distribution and evolutionary radiation of Australo-Papuan scorpions.

Published in Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 5 (2) pp. 83-367 in 1977.
Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files with permission from the publisher through Peter Wright.
Available in fulltext!
A very extensive work covering all known (up to 1977) species from Australia. In addition to taxonomy, the paper also includes information about zoogeography, ecology and behavior. Key to species and distribution maps are included in the original monograph.
J. F. W. Herbst (1800)
Natursystem der Ungeflügelten Insekten

(Viertes Heft).
Available in fulltext!
This volum includes a couple of Herbst's original description of scorpions. This book also includes several beatiful color plates.
C. L. Koch (1836/1837)
Die Arachniden

(Band III).
Available in fulltext!
This book is volum 3 of 16 in the book serial Die Arachniden, written by C. W. Hahn (1-2) and C. L. Koch (3-16). This volum includes several of Koch's original description of arachnids (among them several Euscorpius species). This book includes several beatiful color plates.
Dr. L. Koch (1875)
Aegyptische und Abyssinische Arachniden.

Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files.
Available in fulltext!
This is only an extract of the book dealing with scorpions! Here you can find the original descriptions of Pandinus bellicosus (described as Heterometrus bellicosus) and Hottentotta minax (described as Buthus minax). A plate with three wonderful drawings is included.
T. Thorell (1876)
On the Classification of Scorpions.

Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files

Published in The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ser. 4, Vol. XVII, pp. 1-15. Available in fulltext!
One of Thorell's classic paper on scorpion systematics.
Karl Kraepelin (1899)
Scorpiones und Pedipalpi.

Published in Das Tierreich, F. Dahl ed., Friedländer und Sohn Verlag, Berlin, 8: 1-265.
Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files.
Available in fulltext!
Reginald Innes Pocock (1900)
The Fauna of British India (including Ceylon and Burma). Arachnida.

Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files.
Available in fulltext!
This is one of Reginald Pocock's book on scorpion taxonomy. The book is written in english. 279 pp.
Reginald Innes Pocock (1902)
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Arachnida.
Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files.
Available in fulltext!
This is one of Reginald Pocock's book on scorpion taxonomy. The book is written in english. 71 pp + 12 plates.
Alexei A. Birula (1910)
Ueber Scorpio maurus Linné und seine Unterarten.

Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files.
Available in fulltext!
Special scans of the plates:
Plate I:
Plate II:
Plate III:
Plate IV:
Birula's major work on Scorpio maurus and all its subspecies. Orginally published in Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae 39:115-192. Special scans of the plates will be available later.
Franz Werner (1935)
Dr. H. G. Bronns Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs - Scorpiones (5. Band, 8. Buch).

Available in fulltext on The Scorpion Files
Available in fulltext!
This extensive work covers all aspects of scorpion biology. Includes several drawings, but no color plates.
Theo Blick, Ambros Hänggi & Konrad Thaler.
Checklist of the Arachnids of Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Palpigradi).
Version 2002 June 1.
Available in fulltext (pdf file)!
See the homepage for more details about this publication.
< Euscorpius
NEW! New electronic journal devoted to scorpion biology available in fulltext on the internet!
Published by professors Victor Fet and Michael E. Soleglad (editors).
Journal of Arachnology Online
Available in fulltext!
Published by The American Arachnology Society.

Individual papers available in fulltext on the Internet:

Jan Ove Rein
STING USE IN TWO SPECIES OF PARABUTHUS SCORPIONS.
Published in Journal of Arachnology in 1993, vol. 21 (Pp. 60-63).
Available in fulltext (PDF)
Available in fulltext (HTML)
This is a part of my MS-thesis in zoology from the University of Trondheim. The species in the study are Parabuthus liosoma and P. pallidus from Kenya.
Bjerke, R., Lundheim, R., Rein, J.O., Strømme, J. A. & Zachariassen, K. E.
Water balance and osmotic regulation of the East African scorpion Lychas burdoi (Simon).
Published in 1989 in Fauna Norv. Ser. B, 36: Pp. 33-36.
Available in fulltext (PDF)
This study investigate the water balance and osmotic regulation of L. burdoi, which inhabits dry areas in Kenya.
Ken Dittrich, MD, FRCP(C); Anthony P. Power, MB, MCGP(Ir); Norman A. Smith, MD, FRCP(C).
SCORPION STING SYNDROME - A TEN YEAR EXPERIENCE .
Published in The Annals of Saudi Medicine in 1995, vol. 15(2) (Pp. 148-155).
Available in fulltext!
A 10-year retrospective review was undertaken of patients presenting with scorpion sting to the Emergency Department of the King Fahad National Guard Hospital in Riyadh.
Gajanan Gajre, MBBS, FRCP, DCH; Ali S. Dammas, MDDCH, Fachartz.
SCORPION ENVENOMATION IN CHILDREN: SHOULD ALL STINGS BE GIVEN ANTIVENOM?
Published in The Annals of Saudi Medicine in 1999, vol. 19 (Pp. 444-?).
Available in fulltext!
A study on the advantages and disadvantages in using antivenom to treat scorpion sting in children.
Philip H. Brownell & J. Leo van Hemmen.
How the Sand Scorpion Locates Its Prey.
Published in APS March 2000 Meeting, Minneapolis .
Available in fulltext!
A study on how the Sand Scorpion, Smeringurus mesaensis, is able to locate prey through vibrations in the substrate.
Wilson R. Lourenco.
Description of a new species of Ananteris (Scorpiones, Buthidae) from the south of French Guyana.
Published in Zoosystema in 2001 (Vol. 23(4), pp. 689-693).
Available in fulltext!
Description of a new species of Ananteris.
Kleber, J. J. et al.
Vergiftung durch Skorpionstiche.
Published in Deutsches Ärzeblatt in 1999 (Vol. 26(25), pp. A-1710-A-1715).
Available in fulltext!
A review article about the medical significance of scorpions, and the treatment of serious cases. In german.

Jan Ove Rein (C) 2016