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Die Arachniden (3. band)
Original drawings from the book
by
C. L. Koch
1836/1837

The third volum of C. L. Koch's Die Arachniden, which was published in 1836/1837, has several beatiful color plates of scorpions, spiders and a couple of solifugids. I'm happy to be able to present the scorpion drawings here, with updated species names.

A fulltext version of the whole book is available HERE.

The electronic version of Koch's drawings are copyrighted by Jan Ove Rein, The Scorpion Files. No use of or reproduction (electronic or printed) is permitted without permission from the copyrightholder. Legal action will be taken against abuse.

Click on a drawing to get a larger version.

This drawing is labeled Scorpio germanus. This species is named Euscorpius germanicus today, and the drawing shows a female.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio germanus. This species is named Euscorpius germanicus today, and the drawing shows a male.
This drawing is labeled a variant of Scorpio germanus. I can't say wether this specimen belongs to E. germanus or some of the later derived species, E. alpha and E. gamma.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio sicanus. This species is now known as Euscorpius sicanus. The drawin shows a male.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio tergestinus. This species is now known as Euscorpius tergestinus. The drawing shows a female.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio tergestinus. This species is now known as Euscorpius tergestinus. The drawing shows a male.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio aquilejensis. This species was later included in the Euscorpius carpathicus complex, but har later been placed in the recently described species Euscorpius tergestinus.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio concinnus. This species was later redescribed and placed as a subspecies in the Euscorpius carpathicus complex as E. carpathicus conncinus. Today this subspecies is placed in the species Euscorpius concinnus (after being included in E. tergestinus for some time.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio rufus. This species was later included in the Euscorpius carpathicus complex. The type specimen and the locality data for this species is lost, so the name was never used. There are some indications, though, that this scorpion orginated from Romania, and if this is correct, this drawing shows the real Euscorpius carpathicus.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio italicus. This species is known as Euscorpius italicus today. The specimen in the drawing is a female.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio italicus. This species is known as Euscorpius italicus today. The specimen in the drawing is a male.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio italicus. This species is known as Euscorpius italicus today.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio naupliensis. This species was for a long time known as a subspecies of Euscorpius italicus, but recently this subspecies was given species status and the name Euscorpius naupliensis.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio massiliensis. This species is known today asEuscorpius flavicaudis. This specimen is a female.
This drawing is labeled Scorpio massiliensis. This species is known today as Euscorpius flavicaudis. This specimen is a male.
This drawing is labeled "a variation of Scorpio massiliensis". This species is known today as Euscorpius flavicaudis, and I assume that the depicted specimen is a variant of this species.
This drawing is labeled Tityus bahiensis, and this is the valid name today.
This drawing is labeled Tityus peloponnensis, but in the text the name Androctonus peloponnensis is used. The latter name is an old synonym for Mesobuthus gibbosus, and based on the text I assume that this drawing shows this species.
This drawing is labeled Telegonus versicolor and this is an old synonym of the species Thestylus versicolor.
This drawing is labeled Vaejovis mexicanus. This is a valid species today, but in Koch's time this name was used for several species of Vaejovis. I'm not able to say which species the drawing shows.
This drawing is labeled Buthus afer. This is an old name for Pandinus imperator, which probably is the species depicted.
This drawing is labeled Buthus cyaneus, which is an old synonym for Heterometrus cyaneus.
This drawing is labeled Buthus megacephalus, which is an old synonym for Heterometrus indus.

Jan Ove Rein (C) 2017