|In a recent revision (Soleglad & Sissom, 2001), the family Scorpiopidae and
the chactid genus Chactopsis were included into the Euscorpiidae. This was done after
a very thorough phylogenetic analysis of the two families.
After the revision, this family now includes 11 genera and more than 50 species.
Euscorpiidae are widespread
in central and southern Europe, and also found in Africa (Mediterranean coast), North
America (Mexico), Central America (Guatemala), South America (Brazil, Peru, Venezuela),
Asia (west, central, south and southeast).
One species has become established in some parts of southern
England. The forefathers of these scorpions probably came with
merchandise to the harbors, and have succeeded in surviving in
Some species of this family have been reported in
captivity, especially members of the genus Euscorpius.
Some members of the genus Scorpiops have been
reported to occur in captivity, but many of these might be
misidentified members of the scorpionid genus
The members of the genus Euscorpius are under taxonomic
investigations by professor Victor Fet and other scientists.
Several important changes are expected, and these will be
published in The Scorpion Files as soon as they are
identification key for the Euscorpius genus. The key
includes most of the recently described species.
Euscorpiids are harmless scorpions which possess no threat
to healthy humans.
habitat pictures for E. carpathicus in Italy.
habitat pictures for E. flavicaudis in England.
Soleglad, M. E. & Sissom, W. D. 2001: Phylogeny of the family Euscorpiidae
Laurie, 1896: a major revision. 25-111. In V. Fet & P. A. Selden (eds.). Scorpions 2001. In memoriam
Gary A. Polis. British Arachnological Society. Burnham Beeches, Bucks. xi + 404 pp.
Thanks to Dr. Victor Fet and Dr. Benjamin Gantenbein for
keeping me updated on Euscorpius taxonomy!
Euscorpius flavicaudis photo (left)
by Jan Ove Rein (C).
Scorpiops longimanus photo (right) by Dr.
Wilson Lourenco (C) and The Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins/
This list of genera and
species is based on Fet
et al.(2000) and Soleglad & Sissom, 2001. Subspecies is not included in the list. I
try to update the list as additions and changes are published.
* denotes changes after Fet
et al. (2000). I will be grateful for information about
new development in the taxonomy of this family. For
information about synonyms and bibliographies, see Fet
et al. (2000)
A. anthracinus (Simon,
A. lindstroemii (Thorell, 1889)
Lourenco & Francke, 1986
C. insignis Kraepelin,
C. siapaensis González-Sponga,
C. sujirima González-Sponga, 1982
D. grandjeani Vachon, 1974
E. asthenurus (Pocock,
E. bhutanensis (Tikader &
E. binghamii (Pocock,
E. kaftani (Kovarík, 1993)
E. montanus Karsch, 1879*
alpha Caporiaco, 1950*
E. balearicus Caporiacco, 1950*
E. carpathicus (Linnaeus, 1767)
flavicaudis (DeGeer, 1778)
E. germanus (C.L. Koch,
italicus (Herbst, 1800)
mingrelicus (Kessler, 1874)
(C. L. Koch, 1837)*
tergestinus (C.L. Koch, 1837)
M. gertschi Díaz
M. granosus (Gervais,
M. grubbsi Sissom, 1994
segmentatus Pocock, 1900
N. deccanensis (Tikader &
N. satarensis (Pocock,
N. tenuicauda (Pocock, 1894)
P. montanus Banks, 1928
P. mitchelli Soleglad,
S. affinis Kraepelin, 1894
crassimanus Pocock, 1899
S. hardwickii (Gervais,
S. insculptus Pocock, 1900
irenae Kovarík, 1994
S. leptochirus Pocock,
lindbergi (Vachon, 1980)*
oligotrichus Fage, 1933
S. petersii Pocock,
S. rohtangensis Mani, 1959
T. willis Francke, 1981