Coastal and marine operations and surveillance
Forskningsfyrtårn, strategisk forskningsområde ved IME, 2012-2016
CAMOS (Coastal and marine operations and surveillance) is one of IMEs (Faculty of Information Technology, Mathematics and Electrical Engineering) light house projects. The main purpose of the lighthouse project is to further develop the high level research activity within costal and maritime operations at NTNU, supporting and initiating new collaboration initiatives within IME technology areas.
Activities in the northern regions operate in an extreme and challenging environment that includes coastal, marine and arctic areas. With the exception of coastal areas these offer little permanent infrastructure, let alone ground to build it on, and little use of communication infrastructure solutions utilized elsewhere. As coverage from geostationary satellites do not reach north of Svalbard, new solutions to provide communication support to operations in remote locations must be found. Simultaneously, some of the operations are wholly or partially undertaken underwater, requiring solutions that reach and integrate both over and underwater operations.
This lighthouse takes on the ambitious task of developing a robust integrated communication framework that integrates underwater, terrestrial radio and satellite communications in a resilient infrastructure that can support a multitude of applications, primarily within sensor networking. The goal is to provide a platform to enable the integration of new and improved technologies in any part of the system with ease – fostering innovation within the system.
The arctic regions can briefly be described as areas of enormous potential with corresponding challenges. Operational challenges include for instance: Monitoring of ice features and drift, environmental monitoring for oil spills and of their spreading, and basic traffic and operations monitoring.
These types of operations require communication support to connect with an operations center. The challenges to provide this support include lack of infrastructure in vast areas, and little coverage by geostationary satellites.
The foreseeable elements of an eventual communication system include a combination of acoustic underwater communications, terrestrial radio and satellite radio. Underwater transmitters, buoys, ships, land based base stations, satellites and mobile (underwater, surface, airborne) unmanned vehicles make up the nodes of the communication network. A communication network built of these elements faces a few fundamental problems including intermittent availability of mobile nodes and satellites, and variability of communication medium, and respectively application related performance requirements.
Go to CAMOS website for more information.
Karelle Ingrid Gilbert-Soni