Original Sin and Radical Evil: Kierkegaard and Kant
- Kantian Review, vol. 17, nr. 2/2012, s. 197-225
By comparing the theories of evil found in Kant and Kierkegaard, this article aims to shed new light on Kierkegaard, as well as on the historical and conceptual relations between the two philosophers. The author shows that there is considerable overlap between Kant's doctrine of radical evil and Kierkegaard's views on guilt and sin and argues that Kierkegaard approved of the doctrine of radical evil. Although Kierkegaard's distinction between guilt and sin breaks radically with Kant, there are more Kantian elements in Kierkegaard than was shown by earlier scholarship. Finally, Kierkegaard provides an alternative solution to the problem of the universality of guilt, a problem much discussed in the literature on Kant.
Kierkegaard on the Metaphysics of Hope
- The Heythrop Journal Volume 53, Issue 1, pages 51–60, January 2012
This article deals with hope – and its importance – by analysing the little-known analysis of hope found in Kierkegaard. Kierkegaard presents hope as essential to moral agency, arguing that hope should never be given up, even if it is not supported by experience. This article gives an interpretation of the strong claims about the necessity of hope found in Kierkegaard which tries to reconstruct some of Kierkegaard's central claims, arguing that Kierkegaard can be used to sketch a distinction between justified and unjustified hope.
Kierkegaard’s double movement of faith and Kant’s moral faith
- Religious Studies, doi:10.1017/S0034412511000187, Cambridge University Press 2011
The present article deals with religious faith by comparing the so-called double movement of faith in Kierkegaard to Kant's moral faith. Kierkegaard's double movement of faith and Kant's moral faith can be seen as providing different accounts of religious faith, as well as involving different solutions to the problem of realizing the highest good. The double movement of faith in Fear and Trembling provides an account of the structure of faith that helps us make sense of what Kierkegaard means by religious faith in general, as well as to understand better the relation between philosophy and Christian thinking in Kierkegaard. It is argued that previous scholarship has described the relation between Kierkegaard and Kant in a misleading manner.
Roe Fremstedal: http://journals.cambridge.org/repo_A84sa9X4
The Concept of the Highest Good in Kierkegaard and Kant
- International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, vol. 69, nr. 3/2011
This article tries to make sense of the concept of the highest good (eternal bliss) in Søren Kierkegaard by comparing it to the analysis of the highest good found in Immanuel Kant. The comparison with Kant's more systematic analysis helps us clarify the meaning and importance of the concept in Kierkegaard as well as to shed new light on the conceptual relation between Kant and Kierkegaard. The article argues that the concept of the highest good is of systematic importance in Kierkegaard, although previous research has tended to overlook this, no doubt due to Kierkegaard's cryptic use of the concept. It is argued that Kierkegaard's concept of the highest good is much closer to Kant's than what previous research has indicated. In particular, Kant and Kierkegaard see the highest good not only as comprising of virtue and happiness (bliss), but also as being the Kingdom of God.
Roe Fremstedal: http://www.springerlink.com/content/4x363k4l68x6gk17/
Democracy in a Globalised World
- Oñati Socio-Legal Series Vol 1, No 5 (2011
There is no doubt whatsoever that the papers presented in this volume cover a very wide, even extensive range of topics. This is of course logical, given the multi-disciplinary nature of this scientifical project. Nevertheless, it is a pleasure to present no less than eight papers devoted to new results and ideas in fields as diverse as psychology, philosophy, political science and law, dealing with matters such as electoral behavior, globalization, the concept of democracy, the role of experts or the relevance of thinkers such as Plato and Hobbes for the current discussion on the EU constitution.
Trust and Virtual Worlds: Contemporary Perspectives
- eds. Charles Ess and May Thorseth
Trust is essential to human society and the good life. At the same time, citizens of developed countries spend more and more time in virtual environments. This collection asks: How far do virtual environments, especially those affiliated with Web 2.0, challenge and foster trust?
Opening chapters establish historical, linguistic, and philosophical foundations for key concepts of trust, embodiment, virtuality, and virtual worlds. Four philosophers then analyze how trust—historically interwoven with embodied co-presence—may be enhanced through online environments. Final chapters tackle the specific challenges of virtual child pornography and democratic deliberation online.
This is the first collection devoted exclusively to the philosophical dimensions of trust and virtual worlds. In doing so it helps to bring the reader up to date on the relevant concepts and issues, and on ways in which widely ranging insights and approaches may nonetheless cohere into a reasonably comprehensive account of trust.
About the Author
Charles Ess is Professor MSO in the Department of Information and Media Studies at Aarhus University (2009-2012). Recent publications include Digital Media Ethics (2009) and, with Mia Consalvo as co-editor, The Blackwell Handbook of Internet Studies (2010). With Fay Sudweeks, he co-founded and co-chairs the biennial conference series Cultural Attitudes towards Technology and Communication (CATaC).
May Thorseth is Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim, Norway, director of the Programme for Applied Ethics, and also part of the management group of NTNUs Globalisation Programme. Most of her recent work has focused on deliberative democracy, in particular related to online communication and virtual environments, and also on democracy and fundamentalism in view of global communication ethics.
Hva er tid
- Truls Wyller
Tiden - den styrer alle menneskers liv! Men hva er egentlig tid?
Alt vi tenker, føler og gjør i livet, skjer i tiden, og i praksis vet vi hva tid er. Likevel har menneskene alltid slitt med å begripe tiden. I eldre samfunn betraktet man tiden som en guddom, senere har enkelte hevdet at den er noe fysisk, andre at den er noe mentalt. Er den kanskje ingen av delene, eller begge deler? Hva er forholdet mellom naturvitenskapenes og menneskenes opplevde tid? I "hva er TID" drøfter forfatteren tidens natur i lys av filosofi og andre fagdisipliner som fysikk, antropologi, historie, religion og litteratur. De ulike tilnærmingene er framstilt med et sikkert, samlende grep, og omfattende, komplekse problemstillinger forklares gjennom enkle tenkte og virkelige scenarioer.
Pragmatism, Science and Naturalism
- Knowles, Jonathan / Rydenfelt, Henrik (eds.)
Peter Lang Verlag
According to metaphysical naturalism science has given us overwhelming reason to see the world as made up just of physical things. The job of philosophers is then to understand how our concepts of non-physical things, like beliefs and values, can map onto this world. Pragmatist philosophers take the scientific enterprise seriously, but have a critical view of metaphysical naturalism. Classical pragmatism, which stems from the work of Charles Sanders Peirce, William James and John Dewey, resists metaphysical naturalism by rejecting its conception of science as too narrow. Neo-pragmatist thinkers such as Richard Rorty, Hilary Putnam, Robert Brandom and Huw Price resist it by offering different conceptions of the relationship between language and the world. The papers in this volume offer perspectives and reflections on the interrelations between pragmatism and science, and the consequences these have for a naturalistic philosophy.
Series: Nordeuropäische Beiträge aus den Human- und Gesellschaftswissenschaften - Volume 30